Environment & Safety

Refining: Extend the life of storage tanks with a novel single-coat epoxy coating

Toews, B., Sherwin-Williams

In the oil and gas industry, time is money.

Editorial Comment: The materials that advance modern life

Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Refineries and petrochemical plants contain some of the harshest environments on the planet.

Causes interact in industrial accidents and life

Grisi-Frisbie, J., Sinergia International

Before discussing failure causes, it is helpful to understand why the idea of process safety management (PSM) has taken hold in the past few decades.

Hazardous area classification compliance: Focus on communication

Johnston, J. E., Eccleston, C. A., Bath Process Safety Management

On November 30, 2013, an explosion and fire occurred at the UCB Farchim SA site in Switzerland. Fortunately, no injuries or fatalities occurred.

EPC/construction contracting—Start with the end in mind

Ogunye, S., Praxair; Rentschler, C., Engineering Consultant

Large capital projects continue to be challenged by budget issues.

Best practices in boiler maintenance and replacement

Lara, G., Rentech Boiler Systems

Refineries cannot afford a sudden boiler failure (FIG. 1). Regularly assessing the condition of boilers is vital.

Improving resource efficiency of industrial processes with the TOP-REF methodology—Part 2

Radatz, H., Schembecker, G., TU Dortmund University; Raffray, G., Sellis, D., The CoSMo Company SAS; Boto, F., Echeverria, Z., Fundación Tecnalia Research and Innovation; Carrion, A., Herce, C., Oto, F., Fundación CIRCE—Centro de Investigación de Recursos y Consumos Energéticos; Gil, A., University of Zaragoza; Arias, A., Borrego, R., DOW Chemical Co.; Romero, J., Fertinagro Nutrientes S.L.; Jacinto, J. T., Petróleos de Portugal

The European TOP-REF research consortium has developed and applied a methodology to improve the resource efficiency of industrial production processes.

Welded plate heat exchangers cut refinery process costs—Part 1

Plate and frame (P&F) heat exchangers were first manufactured 100 yr ago for use in the dairy industry.

Hyper-duplex stainless steel can improve on duplex steel and nickel-based superalloy

Vieira, B., Sandvik Materials Technology

Duplex materials have been around for a long time.

Fabrication of clad equipment and piping—Part 1

Panchal, A., Reliance Industries Ltd.; Carmona, R. K., Daru, K., Desai, J., Irfan, M., Shargay, C., Fluor

For pressure vessels, heat exchangers and piping in corrosive services, the materials in contact with the process are often required to be high alloys to provide a reliable service life.