Special Report: Corrosion Control

Improved corrosion prevention with acid-aided regeneration technology

Enhancing regeneration in amine treating systems has proven beneficial in many applications by improving operations and relieving design limitations via reduced steamrates and/or improved treating performance.

Environment and Safety

Meet EPA Tier 3 clean fuel regulations through improved blending processes
Truesdale, P., Carugo, M., Emerson Process Management

This article will examine the impact of Tier 3 regulations on gasoline blending at refineries and terminals, and illustrate options that can contribute to compliance while keeping costs under control.

Design and implement a totally enclosed ground flare
Bourji, A., Choroszy, M., WorleyParsons; Prather, P., HP Editorial Staff

As awareness of environmental issues increases to new levels, all emissions sources in industrial facilities are falling under more scrutiny than ever before.

Fluid Flow and Rotating Equipment

Limit the rate of change of fuel gas properties with mixing drum
Fantolini, A. M., Saipem SpA; Pandya, H., Saipem India Projects Pvt. Ltd.

The fuel gas mixing drum is an integral part of many plants, especially LNG plants.

Heat Transfer

Calculate thermal efficiency to optimize fired heater operation
Ibrahim, M. E., Shirpurkar, V., Saudi International Petrochemical Co. (Sipchem)

In a Saudi International Petrochemical Co. petrochemical plant, fired heaters are designed to supply heat duty at 7 MW and are one of the major consumers of energy.

Minimize unplanned shutdowns of fired heater operations
Baukal, C., John Zink Co. LLC; Newnham, R., OnQuest Canada ULC; Johnson, B., John Zink Hamworthy Combustion

There are many potential “rules,” or guidelines, for the safe operation of process heaters.

Maintenance and Reliability

Detect boiler leaks upstream of the shift reactor in H2 plants
Ramakumar, K. R., Johnson Matthey Process Technologies

This example shows a simple method by which boiler leaks can be detected before it is too late.

Process Control/Instrumentation

Linear position sensors gain preference in industrial process control applications
Otto, E., TE Sensor Solutions

Today’s industrial process control applications increasingly use automated systems to optimize operations and ensure a safer, more productive process.

Columns

Editorial Comment: Corrosion prevention is a necessary cost
Blume, Adrienne, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Corrosion is a major maintenance and reliability concern because it has the potential to impact not only plant operations and costs, but also the environment and worker health and safety.

Reliability: Avoid pump shaft failures
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

We welcome and thrive on questions from reliability engineers and try to answer some as best we can.

Automation Strategies: Data analytics solutions require valid data
Rys, R., ARC Advisory Group

Process plants collect enormous amounts of data, both from the sensors connected to the control system and from other sources, including edge devices in the plant and remote devices in the cloud.

Petrochemicals: Investigation into West Fertilizer blast shows room for safety improvement
DuBose, Ben, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The final investigation report on the massive West Fertilizer Co. fire and explosion in 2013 serves notice to the chemical industry that, while progress has been made, significant gaps often still remain within site safety protocols.

Project Management: Protect operating margins with outsourced asset management

The oil and gas sector is under pressure to maintain operating margins. Although oil prices have stabilized in recent months, they have, nonetheless, fallen dramatically in the last year. This has bee..

Engineering Case Histories: Case 89: Cracking of welds due to weld fatigue
Sofronas, A., Consulting Engineer

Pressure vessels, piping and fabricated structures adhering to recognized welding codes rarely fail in static loading, unless they are damaged or severely overloaded.

Industry Perspectives: Political analysts shed light on US election implications for the downstream

As the exclusive show daily provider for the AFPM Annual Meeting, Hydrocarbon Processing will be live at the meeting in San Francisco with full coverage of all conference presentations.

Business Trends
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

This month’s Business Trends focuses on five major trends affecting the downstream industry. These include: a forecast on global demand for industrial valves to 2020, how the approval of Chinese teapot refinery crude import licenses could lead to a fuel supply glut, the surge in US ammonia and urea plant construction, the start of Nigeria’s DSDP program and the consolidation of Japan's refining industry.

Industry Metrics
Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Refinery margins weakened in the US due to lower winter demand.

Global Project Data
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Presently, Hydrocarbon Processing’s Construction Boxscore Database is tracking over 2,100 projects around the world.

People
Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Clariant has appointed Britta Fuenfstueck as a new member of its executive committee.