Ethers

South America: Argentina

Quijada, R., IntelliChem, Inc.; Friedlander, A., Instituto Petroquimico Aregentino; Carvalho, O., MaxiQuim Assessoria De Mercado

For nine consecutive years (2003–2011), the Argentinean gross domestic product (GDP) continued to increase at an impressive annual rate of 7% to 8%. However, this trend was expected to change in ..

Europe: Germany

Meincke, H., Association of the German Chemical Industry

The German chemical industry has an outstanding position inside Europe. Nearly 25% of chemical product sales in the European Union (EU) are by German chemical companies. Ranking behind China, the US a..

Asia: China

Fu, X., Li, X., Zhang, L., Petrochemical Research Institute, PetroChina; Lin, A., PetroChina Ltd., Co

The International Monetary Fund (IMF) announced in its January 2012 “World Economic Outlook” that the global GDP growth rate was 3.8% in 2011. However, Asian-Pacific nations bucked this tren..

South America: Venezuela

Quijada, R., IntelliChem, Inc.

Fig. 1 illustrates the annual gross domestic product (GDP) and inflation from 2006 to 2011 for Venezuela. High crude oil prices have helped domestic GDP growth, suggesting a healthy economy. ..

South America: Brazil

Carvalho, O., MaxiQuim Assessoria De Mercado

Brazil’s economic improvement was remarkable over the past decade, following many years of slow growth. On average, the Brazilian gross output of goods and services increased at an annual average..

Asia: India

The Indian economy has come a long way since the 1991 economic reforms. A decade and a half of economic reform and globalization is yielding returns that cut across all income groups. The domestic eco..

Asia: Japan

Yoneyama, M., IHS Markit

The Japanese economy showed steady recovery for 2003–2007. However, due to the global recession in late 2008, Japan’s GDP growth decreased to –1% in 2008 and to –5.5% in 2009. Due ..

Europe: United Kingdom

Eastwood, A., Economic Advisor, Chemical Industries Association (CIA)

The United Kingdom (UK) is Europe’s fourth largest chemical economy, after Germany, France and Italy. It accounts for 8% of the European Union’s (EU’s) $900 billion overall chemical pro..

Improve integration opportunities for aromatics units—Part 1

Vaidyanathan, S., Zhou, J., Fluor Enterprises, Inc.; Kapur, S., Apex PetroConsultants

An aromatics complex is a combination of processing units that can be used to convert petroleum naphtha and pyrolysis gasoline (pygas) into the basic petrochemical intermediates: benzene, toluene and ..

HP Brief

Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

New fuel standards in the USThe US government recently finalized standards that will increase fuel economy to the equivalent of 54.5 mpg for cars and light-duty trucks by model year 2025. When combine..