Reactors

Oil refinery/petrochemical integration in a CO2-constrained world—Part 1

Petrochemical demand will increase with gross domestic product, while motor fuel demand will only show modest growth and may even decline in certain regions, given environmental/legislative pressure and the introduction of battery-powered electric vehicles.

Reverse refining: A novel approach to the refining process

Echenagucia, J. E., Heatoil Solutions LLC

The crude oil refining processing sequence is based on the separation of distillate products from heavier ones and concentrating the heavy molecules of the barrel for processing at the end of the refining run.

Ethylbenzene plant debottleneck with a high-activity transalkylation catalyst

Liu, G., Tianjin Dagu Chemical Co., Ltd.; Sundararaman, R., ExxonMobil Chemical Co.; Cao, J., ExxonMobil Catalysts and Licensing

Modern commercial ethylbenzene (EB) plants use liquid-phase alkylation processes with zeolite catalysts to achieve high product yields.

Key instrumentation technologies to tackle the toughest measurement challenges

Oberle, C., Bonkat, T., Emerson Automation Solutions

Just as some people seek out extreme sports, process manufacturing has its extreme applications, and engineers who design for these environments must find ways to safely contain and monitor all manner of dangerous reactions and products.

Separating from the competition: Recovering profits after the pandemic

Christianson, J., Scalco, V., General Atomics

As recovery from the COVID-19 pandemic begins, so will a return to normal life.

Stability evaluation of hot spots in the RDS process reactor

During the end-of-run (EOR) period of the authors’ company’s residue hydrodesulfurization (RDS) process in early February 2019, some hot spots occurred in the catalysts of the reactors.

Show Preview: IRPC Process Technology

Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

IRPC Process Technology: The latest advancements in process technologies

Editorial Comment: Maintenance and reliability—A cornerstone of safe and efficient plant operation

Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Refineries and petrochemical plants are comprised of a series of crucial processes to produce transportation fuels, products and chemicals demanded by the global market. These processes consist of capital-intensive units that must be maintained to provide reliable performance. Failure to adequately maintain these assets can have a detrimental effect to not only operations and profit, but also to worker safety.

TOTAL refineries improve overhead systems corrosion and salting with amine-neutralizing technology

Brun, L. A., Majorel, C., Thoret-Bauchet, J. P., Total; Pothuaud, A., Cross, C., SUEZ Water Technologies & Solutions

Weak organic amines are commonly used in crude unit overhead systems to prevent acidic corrosion from chlorides and other acidic contaminants via a neutralization reaction.

A solution to the IMO 2020 MARPOL Annex VI requirement

Klussmann, B., Rigby Refining LLC

On January 1, 2020, a new requirement limiting the sulfur content of marine fuel to a maximum of 0.5 wt% went into effect.