June 2011

Special Report: Process/Plant Optimization

Update your reliability performance to meet process safety expectations

Better risk assessment can identify root causes for potential site catastrophes before they occur

Bloch, K., Flint Hills Resources, L.P.; Bertsch, J., Flint Hills Resources, LP; Dunmire, D., Western ROPE, LLC

Process hazard analysis (PHA) and mechanical integrity (MI) programs are two essential elements used in the Process Safety Management (PSM) Standard to prevent or to minimize the consequences of catastrophic toxic, reactive, flammable or explosive chemical releases. In instances where process containment is essential for maintaining process safety, equipment that does not meet reliability expectations is more likely to be involved in a PSM failure. When a PSM failure occurs, the equipment maintenance history often exposes the failure as an accident that was waiting to happen. The MI program and related safeguards must control the consequences of equipment failure process safety hazards iden

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