Featured Articles
Solve operator training in a challenging refining industry
Alamo, J., SNC-Lavalin Inc.; Ross, M., Honeywell Process Solutions

Workforce reduction, the expected retirement of baby boomers, personnel leaving the industry in search of better opportunities, and the lack of jobs for new graduates will create a skills deficit once the industry begins growing again.

Failure analysis of olefin furnace radiant tubes
Al-Meshari, A., van Zyl, G., SABIC Technology Centre

A detailed failure investigation into the cracking of ethylene furnace radiant tubes included visual, fractographic, metallographic, scanning electron microscopy/x-ray spectroscopy, and hardness and chemical examinations. These analyses showed that the tube crack was initiated by thermal shock, accompanied by restrained thermal expansion due to internal coke layer formation. Details of the failure’s contributing factors, and recommendations to avoid similar failures, are shared here.

Commercialization of pyrolysis oil in existing refineries—Part 1
Arbogast, S., Bellman, D., Paynter, D., Wykowski, J., AOTA Energy Consultants LLC

In Part 1 of this article, the incentives and information needed to relax the constraints of being O2-free are outlined. The authors hope that this perspective provides new directions for improving the economics of using pyoil to produce advanced biofuels (ABFs).

Business Trends: India’s natural gas demand—a welcome sign for LNG exporters
Nichols, L., Hydrocarbon Processing

India is emerging as the world’s new oil demand center. Complementing its thirst for crude oil, the country has the potential to become a hotbed for natural gas consumption over the next few years.

Shift to gas: A contribution on the path to sustainability
Koenig, E., Schneider Electric

The COP21 event left the world with new mandates to develop and implement low-emissions energy sources to power the global economy. To limit global warming, the world must increase the use of resources like natural gas, which offers a quick, relatively clean and inexpensive interim step in the global transition from high-emissions resources to renewable energy sources.

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New Project Announcements

Data provided by Construction Boxscore.

This graph represents new project announcements, globally, on a monthly basis. For more detailed information on global downstream projects, click here.

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Construction Boxscore: Project Spotlight
Project: Jazan Refinery
Location: Jazan, Saudi Arabia
Operator: Saudi Aramco
Cost: $7 B
Capacity: 400 Mbpd
Completion date: 2018
Status: Under construction
Project: FEPCO Refinery and Petrochemical Integrated Complex
Location: Nakhodka, Russia
Operator: Far East Petrochemical Company (FEPCO)
Cost: $10 B
Capacity: 15.4 MMtpy
Completion date: 2022
Status: Feasibility study