Featured Articles
Business Trends: Africa—Will increasing demand spark downstream capacity builds?
Nichols, L., Hydrocarbon Processing

Over the past decade, Africa’s oil demand has increased by more than 1 MMbpd, to nearly 3.9 MMbpd. Africa’s oil production is more than double the amount it consumes, but lack of investment, failing infrastructure and inadequate refining capacity force the continent to rely on imports to satisfy increasing fuel demand.

Advance analytics to keep pace with production
Van Cann, B., Thermo Fisher Scientific

Predicting the state of the energy industry a year or two from now is difficult. At best, potential scenarios can be envisioned, as in the International Energy Agency’s (IEA) World Energy Outlook 2016. Through this analysis of data and market reports, the IEA casts its projections for different scenarios to the year 2040. The IEA expects the fastest growth to occur in renewable energy, given recent climate pledges by global governments.

Improve understanding of corrosion inhibitor technology for processing high-acid crudes
Ondyak, J., Noland, J., Shah, P., Subramaniyam, M., Dorf Ketal Chemicals

For corrosion risk assessment and control, ample published research exists on the inherent corrosivity of combinations of naphthenic acid and sulfur in refining systems, but not on the chemistry and mechanism of corrosion inhibitors. This work offers refinery engineers insight into the construction of corrosion inhibitor molecules, as well as how differences in molecules impact the performance of the inhibitor and the risk of fouling in crude units and hydroprocessing units.

Viewpoint: Three ways to protect the future of your workforce
Sathe, S., RiseSmart

With job cuts numbering in the hundreds of thousands, the oil and gas industry has been hard-hit by the massive drop in prices. While no immediate end to the crisis is in sight, there are signs that prices—and hiring—may pick up again later this year.

New method to measure TAN of crude oil and refinery distillation fractions

Many refiners look at discounted opportunity crudes as a way to improve their margin spread. The growing varieties of discounted opportunity crudes on the market contain certain risks for the purchaser, such as high naphthenic acid or sulfur content.

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Data provided by Construction Boxscore.

This graph represents market share analysis of active projects in Africa. For more detailed information on global downstream projects, click here.

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Construction Boxscore: Project Spotlight
Project: Jazan Refinery
Location: Jazan, Saudi Arabia
Operator: Saudi Aramco
Cost: $7 B
Capacity: 400 Mbpd
Completion date: 2018
Status: Under construction
Project: FEPCO Refinery and Petrochemical Integrated Complex
Location: Nakhodka, Russia
Operator: Far East Petrochemical Company (FEPCO)
Cost: $10 B
Capacity: 15.4 MMtpy
Completion date: 2022
Status: Feasibility study