Process Optimization

Utilize an optimizer to blend gasoline directly to ships

Scriven, W., Martin, A., Seiver, D. S., Valero Energy Corp.

A new control system and single-blend optimization system make it possible to blend gasoline directly into tanker ships for delivery, rather than only into tanks, thereby saving millions in capital and reducing product giveaway.

Syngas from H2S and CO2: An alternative, pioneering synthesis route?

Manenti, G., Alfa Laval Olmi SpA; Molinari, L., KT-Kinetics Technology SpA; Manenti, F., Politecnico di Milano

Hydrogen sulfide and carbon dioxide represent major concerns for the hydrocarbon industry. Both species are contaminants and, since their use as feedstock is minor, are considered troubling byproducts.

Secure the best benefits from C4 hydrocarbon processing—Part 1: Separation sequences

Streich, T., Kömpel, H., Geng, J., Renger, M., thyssenkrupp Industrial Solutions AG

Crude C4 streams from the steam cracker unit or the fluidized catalytic cracker unit contain valuable hydrocarbons, such as butadiene and C4 olefins.

Mitsubishi Plastics selects Jacobs as engineer on US plant expansion

Under the terms of the agreement, Jacobs is providing engineering services for the $100 million investment, which includes installation of a polyester film production line.

Engineering unit of China’s CNPC to build first refinery in Cambodia

Northeast Refining and Chemical Engineering Co.(CNPCNE) is scheduled to complete building the first phase of the project of 2 MMtpy, or about 40,000 bpd by 2018, Xinhua said.

Apply a short-term, high-temperature carbon steel solution to piping systems

Tiwari, V., Chowdry, M., Reliance Engineering Group (REG)

Carbon steel (CS) piping and equipment are used extensively in refineries and petrochemical plants, where fluid temperatures vary from moderate to high for various processes.

Use computational fluid dynamic analysis to revamp fired heaters

Garg, A., Chilka, A., Furnace Improvements Services Inc.

A refinery process fired heater system consists of multiple sub-units, of which the fired heater is the most critical, as it impacts the overall efficiency of the system.

Small-scale coal-to-chemicals can revitalize India’s petrochemicals industry, economy—Part 2

Paluskar, P. V., Sakthivel, S., Marve, M., TATA Consulting Engineers Ltd.

In Part 1 of this article, published in April, the barriers of petrochemical production in India were discussed, along with the opportunity to explore chemicals from coal, using the specific example of polyvinyl chloride (PVC).

Catalytic coprocessing of used cooking oil with straight-run gasoil in a hydrotreating pilot plant

A promising route to obtain bio-gasoil (bioGO) or hydrotreated vegetable oil (HVO) is the catalytic coprocessing of vegetable oil with diesel oil in a conventional hydrotreating unit.

Amec Foster Wheeler wins FEED to modernize major SOCAR refinery

The contract, awarded by the State Oil Company of Azerbaijan (SOCAR), is part of a major investment to increase the refinery’s capacity and improve the quality of the fuel produced.