Current Issue: August 2016

Archive

Special Report: Fluid Flow and Rotating Equipment

Analyze abnormal operations of an HDS reactor loop with dynamic simulation
Garcia, O., Shipman, R., Tong, C., Palmer, R. E., Wood Group Mustang

Hydrodesulfurization units are used in a petroleum refinery to process a variety of feeds to alter composition via the addition of hydrogen.

Extend ethylene plant run length with compressor chemical treatment
Hancock, J. M., Rodrigues, S., Nalco Champion

An aging ethylene plant historically suffered from plant run length limiting compressor fouling that resulted in a loss of polytropic efficiency and intercooler backpressure buildup.

Boost capacity of SRUs with mixing devices for oxygen enrichment

The requirement for additional sulfur recovery unit capacity in a refinery may stem from hydroprocessing operations; a refinery expansion project; a shift from lighter to heavier, sourer crudes to improve margins; or the need to remove extra sulfur content to meet tighter environmental regulations.

Bonus Report: LNG

Cylindrical hull concept improves design for offshore FLNG production
Odeskaug, L., Sevan Marine ASA; Mokhatab, S., Consultant

As demand for natural gas remains high, the development of offshore stranded gas fields via floating liquefied natural gas production technology will aid sustained growth.

Process Engineering and Optimization

Choose the most appropriate modeling approach for reactors
Jain, A. A., Gupta, A., Reliance Industries Ltd.

The efficient operation and design of any reactor depends on the know-how regarding the chemical reaction and the hydrodynamics inside the reactor.

Distillation—Then and now
Gentry, J. C., Bhargava, M., GTC Technology US LLC; Binkley, M. J., GTC Process Equipment Technology

Distillation is the most often used means to separate two or more components, exploiting the physical properties of different boiling points.

Maintenance and Reliability

Design operations-and-maintenance-friendly pressure vessels—Part 1
Murti, D. G., The Augustus Group

Many scholarly articles have been published on the design, selection and fabrication of pressure vessels.

Process Control and Instrumentation

Utilize genetic programming to develop new point efficiency correlation
Kasiri, N., Jouybanpour, P., Iran University of Science and Technology; Reza Ehsani, M., Isfahan University of Technology

Distillation is one of the most used separation operations in the chemical and petroleum industries.

Water Management

Experience with naphtha in sour water emulsions generated in a fractionator overhead accumulator
McKnight, C., Rumball, B., Syncrude Canada Ltd.

A number of conversion processes, both hydrogen-addition-based and carbon-rejection-based, crack heavy oil into lighter hydrocarbon products.

Environment and Safety

Understand the sources of oil pollution in water
Yang, M., NEL

Oil in water is one of the most common types of water pollution.

Consider post-design changes to confine a hazardous area
Bapat, S. V., Petrokon Utama Sdn Bhd

Hazardous area classification (HAC) is carried out while performing basic design engineering, and HAC drawings are produced as one of the deliverables.

Heat Transfer

Sample heat transfer fluids to offset carbon effects on thermal plant efficiency
Wright, C., Global Heat Transfer

The long-term viability of a plant depends on maintaining continuous output and reducing production costs.

Columns

Publisher's letter: The transition into a new era
Watkins, C., Gulf Publishing Company

These are unprecedented times in the oil and gas industry.

Editorial Comment: A historical snapshot of a complex global industry
Nichols, L., Hydrocarbon Processing

As we move into the second half of 2016, we take stock of new project activity in the global downstream processing industry.

Reliability: Monitor electric motor vibration and optimize motor bearing lubricant application
Bloch, H. P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Follow our discourse with a reliability professional employed by an owner-operator with a number of ammonia and urea plants in locations where blinding sandstorms are prone to occur.

Viewpoint: An engineer’s guide to networking
Shahani, G., Shure-Line Construction; Rentschler, C., Engineering Consultant

Innumerable articles and training programs have been written on the subject of networking.

Industry Perspectives: Petchem Tech Forum highlights advances in US petrochemicals
Nichols, L., Hydrocarbon Processing

In mid-July, Hydrocarbon Processing held its inaugural Petchem Tech Forum.

Business Trends: The state of the global downstream construction sector
Nichols, L., Hydrocarbon Processing

Capital-intensive investments are being made in every sector of the hydrocarbon processing industry, in every region.

Industry Metrics
Rhodes, Michael, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Asia refining margins fell despite strong regional demand.

Global Project Data
Nichols, L., Hydrocarbon Processing

New downstream project announcements have continued to decrease since April.

Innovations
Andrew, Bob, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Turning methane into a high-value chemical was achieved by German chemical company Grillo after years of intensive research.

People
Rhodes, Michael, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Courtney McShane has joined Willbros Group Inc. as director of business development for the Marcellus Shale region and Eastern Seaboard.