Current Issue: April 2017

Archive

Special Focus: Petrochemical Developments

Shaping the future of on-purpose propylene production
Pretz, M., Fish, B., Luo, L., Stears, B., DOW Chemical Co.

In the early 2000s, very few analysts predicted the innovation that would change the landscape in the energy, refining and petrochemical sectors over the next several decades.

An investigative study for technological innovation for ethylene plants
Abdel-Aal, H. K., National Research Center (NRC)

The development of an industrial process like an ethylene (C2H4) plant requires skills and knowledge in two main subject areas: synthesis and analysis. Optimal configuration through process synthesis (PS) with selected task selection (STS) is the main theme of this work.

Extract the best from your PVC reactor
Jain, S., Patil, R. C., Gupta, A., Reliance Industries Ltd.

Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) is the world’s third-most widely produced commodity polymer, after polyethylene (C2H4)n and polypropylene (C3H6)n.

Simulation for the prevention of hydrates during FCC gas processing
Karakaya, M., Rakib, M., Musharfy, M., Suleiman, M., Abu Dhabi Oil Refining Co. (TAKREER)

In the last decade, maximizing refinery production of polymer-grade propylene (PGP) has gained importance due to high demand from the petrochemical industry.

Process Engineering

Enhancements in EO/EG production technology
Van Milligen, H., Shell Global Solutions International BV; VanderWilp, B., Wells, G., CRI Catalyst Co.

The markets for ethylene oxide (EO) and ethylene glycol (EG) continue to see attractive growth. This means that at least one or two new plants will need to be constructed every year if the industry is to meet forecast demand.

Calculate gasoline RVP seasonal change giveaway economics
Barsamian, A., Curcio, L. E., Refinery Automation Institute, LLC

Despite high demand and depressed refining margins, the US is in the midst of a glut of gasoline. This predicament is causing a rush to convert summer gasoline into cheaper winter gasoline, in the hope that using cheap butane and higher Reid vapor pressure (RVP) specs will increase refining profits.

From olefins to oxygenates: Fuel additives, solvents and more
Streich, T., Kömpel, H., Geng, J., Renger, M., thyssenkrupp Industrial Solutions AG

Oxygenates are hydrocarbons containing oxygen atoms as part of their molecular structure.

Process Control and Instrumentation

Overcome challenges of correct level reading in a petrochemical reactor
Almas, A., Palmela

Achieving the correct level reading in a petrochemical reactor is a critical process variable in maintaining good process operations (oxidation, digestion, polymerization, crystallization, hydrocracking, hydrogenation, etc.) in the petrochemical industry.

Catalysts

PBT polyester evaluation on catalyst and secondary reactions
Shirpurkar, V., Saudi International Petrochemical Co. (Sipchem)

Polybutylene terephthalate (PBT) is an important, versatile thermoplastic polyester that has exceptional resistance to both heat and chemicals.

Heat Transfer

IR camera technology provides new perspective on furnace inspection routines
Boccella, M., FLIR Systems, Inc.

A few years ago, managers at a US-based oil refinery called in an expert to inspect their oil furnaces with an infrared (IR) camera.

Environment and Safety

Through the looking glass: How US EPA regulations are changing the way we visualize methane leaks
Yanai, O., Opgal

In mid-2016, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published Regulation 40 CFR, Part 60, Sub-part OOOOa, commonly known as QuadOa. This regulation has propelled optical gas imaging (OGI) firmly into the mainstream, and presents a major shift in the way fugitive emissions are regulated and the technologies that can be used.

Process safety incidents, cognitive biases and critical thinking
Baybutt, P., Primatech, Inc.

Process hazard analysis (PHA) is performed to identify possible hazard scenarios that may occur in a process.

Columns

Editorial Comment: Petrochemical project announcements top $80 B since 2014
Nichols, L., Hydrocarbon Processing

Although new petrochemical project announcements have fallen over the past 3 yr, the global petrochemical sector will continue to see strong growth through the end of the decade.

Reliability: Achieve longer bearing life in rotary asphalt pumps
Bloch, H. P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

When a major asphalt manufacturer experienced random bearing wear in its gear pumps, there was justified concern.

Refining: Uncertainty grips South Africa’s Clean Fuels Program
Oirere, S., Contributing Editor

The planned upgrading of oil refineries in South Africa to produce Euro 5-specified fuels will likely take longer than initially anticipated.

Viewpoint: Operational excellence—The path to world-class performance
Murray, P., Petrotechnics

Why is operational excellence (OE) increasingly being recognized as the path to world-class performance?

Industry Perspectives: What is the solution to comply with the IMO’s Global Sulfur Cap regulation?
Lee Nichols, Hydrocarbon Processing

In October 2016, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) announced that it will implement a new regulation that calls for the sulfur content in marine fuels to be reduced from 3.5% to 0.5%.

Business Trends: Standardized modularization—Drivers, challenges and perspectives in the oil and gas industry
Eftimie, C., RTS Ltd.

Modularization is an alternative way of performing engineering aimed to reduce the number of interfaces, the total installed cost (TIC) and overall schedule length of a project, while optimizing the return on investment (ROI) and allowing standardization for similar future projects.

Industry Metrics
Rhodes, Michael, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Asian refinery margins remained healthy ahead of the spring maintenance season, despite a slight fall due to signs of a bearish gasoline market.

People
Mike Rhodes, Hydrocarbon Processing

Udo Bauer has been appointed to the executive board of Hoerbiger Holding AG. Mr. Bauer will represent the compression technology strategic business unit, now comprised of the previous compressor OEM business area and the previous compressor service business area, as the business unit’s CEO.