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Current Issue: February 2024

Archive

Special Focus: Digital Technologies

Digitalization in refineries: A strategic roadmap for operational excellence—Part 1
KBC, a Yokogawa Company: Gardner, J.  |  McMullan, A.

The refinery industry is one of the biggest industries worldwide. According to Statista, the global oil refinery capacity tipped 100 MMbpd in 2022. This capacity reflects nearly a twofold increase since 1970.

Improve specialty chemical production through digital transformation
Emerson: McEleney, T.

From large petrochemical plants to smaller-scale specialty chemical operations, digital transformation is a significant technology and operational improvement trend throughout the global chemical industry.

The process control journey: Advanced process control—Part 2
OQ Specialty Chemicals: McBul, S.

Part 1 of this article, “The process control journey: Primary process control—Part 1” appeared in the August issue of Hydrocarbon Processing and discussed the performance and stability of complex-wide primary (PID) control.

Optimize process performance and reduce emissions by using process analyzers
AMETEK Process Instruments: Burton, H.  |  Gaura, M.  |  Geiger, J.

Whether a refinery process involves the creation of fuels from crude oil or the production of biogas, process analysis can help to address the many challenges involved in operations.

Six reasons oil and gas organizations must implement an industrial cybersecurity program
ABS Group: Bramson, I.

Oil and gas companies must focus on building robust industrial cybersecurity programs to prevent and respond to the next attack.

Petrochemical Technologies

Plastic pyrolysis oils as feedstock for steam crackers: Opportunities and challenges—Part 2
Linde Engineering: Delhomme-Neudecker, C.  |  Schödel, N.  |  Tóta, Á.  |  Schmidt, G.

Plastic waste is a worldwide challenge. To reduce its carbon dioxide (CO<sub>2</sub>) footprint, the plastics industry is striving to increase circularity by using plastic pyrolysis oils (pyoils) from waste plastics as steam cracker feedstock.

Maintenance and Reliability

Preventive maintenance checks and optimization
Contributing Author: Ashfaq Anwer

In the hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI), if preventive maintenance is being performed and does not result in some insight related to the performance of the equipment or system, then that preventive maintenance is either not required or is being incorrectly directed.

Plant Turnarounds and Project Management

Nine steps for effective preparation of planned shutdowns—Part 2
Contributing Editor: Benomar, B.

As organizations increasingly prioritize resource optimization, performance and sustainability, executing a successful shutdown (SD) has become more challenging.

Environment and Safety

Practical examples and considerations in designing emergency depressurizing systems
Saudi Aramco: Rodrigues, H.  |  Safar, A.  |  Tijani, A.

Process operating facilities typically process large inventories of gas and volatile hydrocarbon liquids at high pressures, which have the potential of posing major hazards during emergency incidents—such as fire, loss of containment or operating excursion.

Alarm management: Small investments equal big improvements
aeSolutions: Manelick, S.

Imagine experiencing a major industrial catastrophe where multitudes of alarms are triggered, creating chaos and confusion about which alarm responses should take priority and what those responses should be, while simultaneously ensuring employee safety and protecting valuable business assets.

Advanced analytics solutions propel decarbonization and sustainability initiatives
Seeq Corporation: Bowling, M.

Industrial process manufacturers and refiners are facing a storm of disruptive challenges. First and foremost, calls to mitigate climate change have taken a central position and must be prioritized, driving the decarbonization efforts of industrial and manufacturing processes.

Carbon Capture/CO2 Mitigation

Planning a practical path to net-zero
Emerson: Carugo, M.  |  Sharpe, P.

Many companies around the world and across the size spectrum have committed to aggressive carbon-neutral targets and are now looking to their production sites for practical plans on how to achieve these goals.

Tanks, Terminals and Storage

Tank side-entry jet mixer design, arrangement and applications
L&T Energy Hydrocarbon: Laxmi Advani

Side entry mixers, or jet mixers, are commonly used to achieve mixing in storage tanks and reactors. Impellers are another conventional device used for mixing in industry, but they are expensive for large storage tanks and underground tanks, so jet mixers have proven to be a better alternative.

Maximum fill volume in propane, butane and LPG pressurized storage tanks
Pasargad Energy Development Co.: Safamirzaei, M.

Large volumes of flammable hydrocarbons are stored inside different storage tanks in gas, oil and petrochemical plants. In addition to maximizing profitability, the optimum design of process units and storage facilities must consider safety concerns to avoid catastrophic accidents.

Columns

Editorial Comment: Digital transformation: The many pathways to operational and project excellence
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Nichols, Lee

Throughout the history of the modern refining and petrochemicals industries, asset owners, project developers, and equipment and service companies have devoted countless expenditures in the research and development of new technologies.

Executive Viewpoint Q&A: The impact of AI on industry
Yokogawa Electric Corp.: Hiroshi Tanoguchi

<i>Hydrocarbon Processing</i> had the opportunity to speak with Hiroshi Tanoguchi, Vice President and Head of the Yokogawa Products Headquarters, Yokogawa Electric Corp., about the company’s autonomous control artificial intelligence (AI), how this was applied in a project with ENEOS Materials, and how safety is ensured in plant operations.

Global Project Data
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Nichols, Lee

Gulf Energy Information’s Global Energy Infrastructure (GEI) database is tracking more than 1,000 active projects in the hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI).

People
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Rhodes, Mike

Neste appoints Hanna Maula as VP, Communications and Brand