Current Issue: December 2016

Archive

Supplement: Engineering and Construction

Special Focus: Plant Design, Engineering and Construction

Modularization: The key to success in today’s market
Rentschler, C., Engineering Consultant; Mulrooney, M., Shahani, G., ShureLine Construction

The world economic order is rapidly changing. A transition is underway, led by the sudden collapse of crude oil and natural gas prices. Here, the pros and cons of modularization vs. field construction are outlined.

Efficiently and safely revamp an RFCC reactor and regenerator

This case study provides checks and reviews from the owner and the engineer for the major revamp work of the RFCC process.

Process Engineering and Optimization

Optimize steam usage in refinery flares

In this study, methods to optimize the consumption of dispersion steam in flares were examined at a large refinery that burns a considerable quantity of gas. The desired optimization was achieved by monitoring hydrocarbon emissions using an infrared camera (thermography).

Causes and mitigation of thermal bowing in process piping design
Darji, P., Dholakia, M., Chaube, N., L&T-Chiyoda Ltd.

The authors encountered pipe thermal bowing problems in recently executed projects. These practical problems are discussed in three case studies, after a brief description of the thermal bowing concept and common reasons for the occurrence of this phenomenon.

HP Top Project Awards

HP Top Project Awards
Nichols, L., Hydrocarbon Processing

Details on high-impact refining and petrochemical projects presently under construction, as chosen by HP editors and readers.

Maintenance and Reliability

Buyer beware: Are diamond-coated seal faces the solution to dry running?
Seymour, M., Engineering & Quality Systems

A scientific study was undertaken to evaluate the performance, under dry running conditions, of two types of diamond coatings applied to silicon carbide faces of mechanical seals.

Environment and Safety

Effectively execute legacy safety systems migration—Part 2
Mulholland, D., Trinity Integrated Systems

In this two-part article, the challenges of migrating legacy safety systems are reviewed, along with the means of repeatedly and effectively executing compliant migrations. Part 2 reviews the tools-assisted process and further explores how to achieve the required compliance, quality, efficiency and rigor.

Control design for steam vent noise in refineries
Chadha, V., Bhandari, S., Virdi, P., Bechtel Corp.

Noise pollution in oil refineries has a direct effect on worker health. Noise is the unwanted or undesirable sound produced by process control equipment, which includes valves.

Columns

Editorial Comment: Hydrocarbon Processing forecasts $321 B in total HPI spending in 2017
Nichols, L., Hydrocarbon Processing

What is the state of the global hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI)? Which regions and sectors are seeing growth, and which are stagnant, or possibly shrinking? These were some of the questions that Hydrocarbon Processing editors tackled at the 43rd Annual Hydrocarbon Processing Forecast Breakfast.

Reliability: Troubleshoot hot bearings in hot pumps
Bloch, H. P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The reliability engineering unit supervisor (REUS) working at a 400-Mbpd refinery wrote that he was greatly concerned about a bearing temperature excursion. He realized that certain rules of thumb had been handed down to his maintenance employees, and that not all of these conveyed the same numbers and guidance.

Automation Strategies: Drive maximum asset capability with operational technologies
Hill, D., ARC Advisory Group

Owner-operators across the hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI) strive to gain maximum business value from their process plant assets. Here, automation assets and other operational technology (OT) typically play a major role.

Viewpoint: A new value proposition for a licensor and EPC contractor
Folgiero, P., Maire Tecnimont

The drop in oil prices has changed the overall dynamics of the hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI), as well as reduced prices for petrochemical products. Approximately $150 B of oil and gas projects have been canceled or put on hold.

Industry Perspectives: New downstream project announcements drop 35% in 2016

According to Hydrocarbon Processing’s Construction Boxscore Database, nearly 470 new projects have been announced in the downstream hydrocarbon processing industry over the past two years. New project announcements have fallen from 285 in 2015 to 185 in 2016. This trend analysis represents a year-over-year decrease of approximately 35%.

Business Trends: Global refining overview—Part 4
Nichols, L., Hydrocarbon Processing

Throughout its overview series of the global refining industry, Hydrocarbon Processing has provided a look at the state of the refining industry, new project developments, demand outlooks for the refining sector and the move to low-sulfur fuels. The previous sections have taken a detailed look at the refining sectors of Asia-Pacific, North America and South America. This fourth and final installment analyzes major trends in Africa, Europe and the Middle East, and offers data on planned refinery capacity additions, upgrades and grassroots facilities.

Industry Metrics
Mike Rhodes, Hydrocarbon Processing

Stronger demand and falling inventories allowed US gasoil cracking spreads to recover, while gasoline was supported by outages.

Global Project Data
Nichols, L., Hydrocarbon Processing

Hydrocarbon Processing’s Construction Boxscore Database is tracking more than 700 active refining projects around the world. The majority of these projects are located in the Asia-Pacific and Middle East regions.

Innovations
Andrew, Bob, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Power generation and heating, ventilation and air conditioning (HVAC) specialty rental company, Aggreko Plc., and sulfuric acid alkylation technology licensor, DuPont, have collaborated to provide Aggreko temperature control, including chiller systems, to STRATCO sulfuric acid alkylation customers.