December 2012

Special Report: Plant Design and Engineering

Consider coal gasification for liquid fuels production

Due to faster depleting natural gas reserves and more abundant coal reserves, coal gasification and CTL are solutions to produce liquid fuels over the long term.

Recent high prices for crude oil and natural gas (outside the US) are spurring increased interest in other conversion technologies, such as coal gasification, to process lower-value hydrocarbon feedstocks into higher value end products.1 Fig. 1 compares the projected prices of crude oil, natural gas and low-rank coals.1,2   Fig. 1. Projected price comparisons for crude   oil, natural gas and low-rank coal.Liquid fuels, including gasoline, diesel, naphtha and jet fuel, are usually processed by refining crude oil. Due to the direct distillation, crude oil is the most suited raw material for liquid fuel production. However, with rising crude oil prices and deplet

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