Venice’s biorefinery: How refining overcapacity can become an opportunity with an innovative idea
Eni invested in an innovative project involving the conversion of the existing refining scheme of its Venice refinery into a “green cycle” to process very high-quality biofuels starting from biological feedstocks.
During a difficult time for the European refining industry, eni S.p.A. invested in an innovative project. It involves the conversion of the existing refining scheme of its Venice refinery (Fig. 1) into a green cycle to process very high-quality biofuels starting from biological feedstocks. The Green Refinery project is encouraged by the European biofuels scenario, which is strongly related to the severe European Union (EU) environmental normative aimed at reducing carbon dioxide (CO2) emissions.1, 2
Fig. 1. Aerial view of enis Venice refinery.
EU policies are impacting the biofuels market on three different fronts: environmental policy for
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