Examining the ecological and profitable uses of refinery residues
With prices pressured and stricter environmental legislation being implemented, refineries are being increasingly forced to look at new ways of processing heavy residues.
With prices always under pressure and stricter environmental legislation being implemented, refineries are increasingly forced to look for new ways of processing heavy residues. Rising price differences between light low-sulfur and heavy high-sulfur crude oils produce greater amounts of residues at refineries. Stricter environmental laws will further restrict the incineration of heavy residues at power plants due to the emissions, and limit the sulfur content of marine fuel oils (MFOs) to 0.1% from 2015 onward. The current sulfur content is 1.5%. The sale via MFO is presently the last possible outlet for many refineries to get rid of heavy residues. Alternatively, other conversion systems, s
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