By SHAWN MCCARTHY
OTTAWA -- Valero Energy will invest
as much as $192 million in its Quebec refinery if Enbridge proceeds with its plan to reverse its Line 9 pipeline, a project one Quebec business leader described as critical to the province's refining and petrochemical industry
In a presentation to analysts, Valero CEO Bill Klesse said the San Antonio-based company has committed to take "substantial volume" of light crude from Enbridge's Line 9, which, subject to regulatory approval, will be reversed to bring oil from western North America to Montreal.
Valero will then deliver the crude from Montreal to its refinery near Quebec City by company owned ships down the St. Lawrence.
Valero plans to invest
between $106 million and $192 million to overhaul its handling capacity at the refinery, including increased tankage and new crude carrying ships, in order to increase access to North American crude. That will provide it with a competitive advantage over Atlantic basin refineries that rely on high priced imports.
In addition to supporting Enbridge's Line 9B reversal, Valero is expanding the 265,000 bpd refinery's ability to receive western crude by rail and will import up to 50,000 bpd from Texas's prolific Eagle Ford tight oil play.
"I believe that within a year or two, our Quebec refinery will be a North American-supplied refinery where it is a foreign supplied refinery," Mr. Klesse said in a presentation.
Suncor Energy also expects to virtually eliminate the need for imported crude to feed its 135,000 bpd operation in Montreal, a city that has seen five refineries close over the past 25 years.
The Enbridge project along with TransCanada Corp.'s proposed pipeline to Eastern Canada got a boost from Quebec's Federation of Chambers of Commerce. In a speech at the Toronto Board of Trade, chamber president Francoise Bertrand said the new oil pipelines are crucial for the competitiveness of the refining and petrochemical industry
in Quebec, particularly in Montreal's east end where Shell closed a refinery just three years ago.
Every necessary means must be taken to ensure that the refining industry
remains competitive and active in Quebec, Ms. Bertrand said.
In a telephone interview, she said that despite opposition from environmental groups, the "silent majority" of Quebeckers are supportive of plans that would wean the province off imported oil, especially if that means protecting high wage jobs. A chamber sponsored poll found 70% of Quebeckers supported the Enbridge plan to bring western crude to Montreal.
She said the loss of refineries in Montreal devastated her province's industrial employment base. "We cannot afford to lose more of them," she said in the interview. "And the petrochemical industry is also much more interesting today because of the new projects that are developing."
The National Energy Board will hold hearings in Ontario and Quebec on Enbridge's pipeline reversal, while TransCanada is in the process of assessing commitment from shippers before submitting to the regulator its plan to convert a portion of the natural gas mainline to carry oil.
Ms. Bertrand acknowledged that the public has had its confidence shaken with images of major pipeline spills, first by Enbridge in Michigan in 2010 and this spring by ExxonMobil in Arkansas.
Enbridge spokesman Glenn Herchak said the company responded to the Michigan accident by spending
$1.64 billion over three years to overhaul its safety practices, both in spill prevention and response.
But environmentalist Stephen Guilbeault, of the Montreal-based group Equiterre, said supporters of the pipelines should not underestimate the concerns in Quebec. He noted that several municipalities, including Montreal, have urged the provincial government to hold its own environmental assessment of the Line 9 plan. "To people who think this is a fait accompli or a slam dunk, I would say they need to err on the side of caution," he said.
Dow Jones Newswires