Natural Gas

Industry Metrics

Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

US refinery margins showed seasonal y–o–y growth, mainly supported by gasoline and diesel stocks drawdowns due to refinery maintenance.

Business Trends: Asia and Europe join the feedstock evolution with steam crackers

Morse, P. M., Argus

Steam crackers lay at the heart of petrochemical operations.

Petrochemicals: Ethylene and polyethylene— An outlook to 2022

Kirby, P., Hussain, A., PCI Wood Mackenzie

The first petrochemical-based production of ethylene occurred nearly a century ago. Since then, the industry has undergone a momentous evolution.

Enhancing refinery profitability with a novel offgas conversion technology

Aronson, A., Zaziski, D., Siluria Technologies

The refining industry is challenged every day to optimize product slates that comply with market demand, product specifications, environmental regulations and refining-petrochemical integration, all while remaining profitable.

Energy losses from the radiant firebox wall of pyrolysis furnaces

Bueno, A., Regueira, V., Braskem S.A.; Leite, L., Federal University of Rio de Janeiro

The steam cracking unit is highly energy demanding, requiring high-severity pyrolysis furnaces to break the carbon-carbon bonds, as well as high pressure for the purification of its products.

Industry Metrics

Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

US refining margins showed slight gains on the top of the barrel as a result of cold weather-related refinery outages, rebounding slightly from the previous month.

Optimize LNG production through contaminant mitigation—Part 2

Wines, T. H., Pall Corp.; Mokhatab, S., Consultant; Trifilieff, O., Pall France

The production of liquefied natural gas (LNG) requires a number of stages to effectively purify the feed gas. These stages are essential to maintain continuous operation and to meet product specifications. Liquid and solid contamination issues are common in many feed gas purification operations and can cause severe problems with equipment fouling, leading to additional expenses in maintenance and equipment repair, reduced production capacity and even unscheduled shutdowns.

The future of LNG—Part 2

Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Over the past several years, new gas processing/LNG capacity has surged in nearly every region. Growth on both the supply and demand sides has resulted in the announcement of billions of dollars of capital investment around the world. Millions of tons of new LNG import and export capacity have begun operations, with hundreds of millions of tons still under development.

Industry Metrics

Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Record low temperatures in the eastern US strengthened the diesel market but extended the downward trend in refining margins.

Industry Perspectives: HPI project announcements analysis shows decline over past 3 yr

Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

According to Hydrocarbon Processing’s Construction Boxscore Database, more than 870 new projects have been announced since 2015.