- Global Energy Infrastructure
Special Focus: Process/Plant Optimization
CFD study of mixing performance of redistribution systems for packed columns
The maldistribution of liquid flow within long packed beds is a well-known phenomenon in distillation and absorption columns. In a packed column, the maldistribution of liquid results in differences in liquid concentration across the column.
Use of neural networks for naphtha feed characterization in a cracker plant
Petrochemicals / Process Optimization / Analyzers / Information Systems / Naphtha / Polymers / Asia/Pacific
Olefins are major building blocks for petrochemicals. Due to their reactivity and versatility, there has been tremendous growth in the demand for olefins, especially for light olefins such as ethylene, propylene, butenes and 1,3-butadiene, etc.
Exploiting classic design heuristics for DWC design and optimization
The history of the refinery and petrochemical industry is filled with a variety of challenges, followed by the development of state-of-the-art technologies to overcome those hurdles. New legislation has required more environmentally friendly product specifications, while energy costs have kept rising.
Modified revamp process to reduce energy use in an SDA unit
Process Optimization / Project Management / Refining / Economics / Engineering & Design / Environment / Equipment / Furnaces / Heat Transfer / Loss Prevention / Natural Gas
Solvent deasphalting (SDA) is emerging as a low-cost, bottom-of-the-barrel upgrading process to recover valuable oil from short residue. This oil can either be further processed to make lube-oil-based stocks or cracked in secondary processing units.
Process Control and Instrumentation
Improve H2O measurement in catalytic reformer H2 recycle streams
Catalytic reformer units convert naphtha into high-octane aromatic compounds called reformates, which are used in gasoline blending and formulation. UOP developed the catalytic reforming process and brought the first unit into operation in 1949.
Improving alkylation unit performance
One of the persistent challenges for refineries blending gasoline is achieving minimum octane ratings economically and without exceeding Reid vapor pressure (RVP) requirements.
Raising the propylene bar: Increase FCCU profitability in dynamic market conditions
Today’s refining strategies rely on a constant optimization of product slate to comply with market demand and economic drivers, refining/petrochemical integration, product specifications, environmental regulations and competition.
Maintenance and Reliability
Case study: Improve vacuum tower operation with VFD addition
Maintenance & Reliability / Process Optimization / Refining / Crude oil / Pumps / Rotating Equipment
The bottom pump in crude vacuum units is an area of concern for almost all petroleum oil refineries. The harsh operating parameters in which these pumps operate, including high product temperature and significant vacuum suction pressure, have resulted in frequent vacuum tower upsets and low mean time between failures (MTBF) for vacuum bottom pumps.
Controlling corrosion: Case studies from amine plant operations
The total annual cost of corrosion in the oil and gas production industry is estimated to be $1.372 B.1 More significantly, failures due to corrosion can result in environmental releases and injury or death of plant personnel.
Editorial Comment: Optimizing our message to the oil and gas industry
Gas Processing/LNG / Petrochemicals / Refining / Engineering & Design / Management / People / Products / Africa / Americas / Asia/Pacific / Europe / Middle East
The pages of <i>Hydrocarbon Processing</i> contain numerous case studies, techniques, advice and step-by-step approaches to optimizing downstream operations. These elements have been the focus of the magazine for the last 95 yr.
Reliability: Oil in galvanized containers poses undue risk
Professional advancement is often linked to obtaining certification. To prepare, the technician or engineer must study texts, culminating in taking a test or passing an exam that makes use of, or is based on, questions contributed by subject matter experts.
Automation Strategies: Looking to the future of process control staffing
Technology is changing, and fast. Labor availability and skillset requirements are changing, as well. Process control personnel makeup and skillsets have evolved over decades of iterations. The process industries are challenged to continue to operate efficiently in an increasingly competitive environment.
Digital: Transitioning from the spreadsheet to the Cloud
Environment & Safety / Gas Processing/LNG / Petrochemicals / Process Optimization / Refining / Equipment / Information Systems / Loss Prevention / Management / Pumps / Reactors / Rotating Equipment / Safety / Turbines / Utilities / Valves / Asia/Pacific
The Industrial Internet of Things is expected to create a $225-B market by 2020, opening new opportunities for industrial organizations related to data and asset management.
Trends and Resources
Industry Perspectives: The digitalization of the downstream industry
Gas Processing/LNG / Petrochemicals / Process Control / Process Optimization / Refining / Engineering & Design / Environment / Equipment / Loss Prevention / Management / Products / Africa / Americas / Asia/Pacific / Europe / Middle East
The digitalization of the hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI) is in full swing. Numerous companies have created, and are optimizing, digital technologies to improve plant operations, increase energy efficiency and lower costs.
Business Trends: The digital frontier and the process industry
Is a digital revolution underway in the process industry? For years, we have been hearing more and more about the Industrial Internet of Things (IIoT), Industry 4.0, Connected xxx (plant, enterprise, field, performance, etc.), smart Clouds, smart devices and so on. These concepts share numerous similarities, usually with a slightly different twist depending on who is promoting or selling them. But is the hype and buzz rapidly spreading to day-to-day applications and implementations? Not quite.
Petrochemicals / Refining / Crude oil / Diesel / Gasoline / Natural Gas / Africa / Americas / Asia/Pacific / Europe / Middle East
US gasoline demand increased with the shift to summer fuels and higher export opportunities to Latin America.
Global Project Data
Gas Processing/LNG / Petrochemicals / Refining / Construction / Economics / Africa / Americas / Asia/Pacific / Europe / Middle East
<i>Hydrocarbon Processing’s</i> Construction Boxscore Database is tracking more than 1,700 active downstream projects around the world.
Products / Environment & Safety / Maintenance & Reliability / Process Control / Process Optimization / Refining / Analyzers / Biofuels / Information Systems / Loss Prevention / Management / Safety / Utilities / Valves
Siemens has been working closely with the National Cybersecurity Center of Excellence (NCCoE) at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) on a cyber security project.
Current Digital Edition
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- Virgin Atlantic jet completes maiden transatlantic flight on 100% SAF 12/1
- Alaska Airlines partners with CHOOOSE to empower guests to reduce emissions and support growth of the SAF market 12/1
- India resumes imports of Venezuelan oil, Reliance seeks direct deal 12/1
- Brazil's Petrobras cuts jet fuel prices by around 6% 12/1
- Cosmo Oil and Yokogawa start exploring possibilities for refinery digitalization 12/1
- EPA fines Iowa ethanol producer for alleged clean air act violations 12/1
Construction Boxscore: Project Spotlight
Long Son Petrochemicals Complex
Long Son, Vietnam
Siam Cement Group