May 2011

Archive

Special Report: Maintenance/Reliability

Deferred maintenance causes upsurge in pump failures
Bloch, H. P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Not addressing the root cause of a failure puts resources and employees at risk

Avoid costly engineering faults, missteps and miscalculations
Sanghavi, K., Alon USA

Experience does count, especially in achieving success in capital and revamp projects

Nickel recycle: Extending service life for reformer tubes
Kunte, S. B., Rashtriya Chemicals & Fertilizers Ltd.

Case studies investigate methods to conserve high-nickel tubes for fertilizer facilities

Consider new materials for ethylene furnace applications
Verdier, G., Carpentier, F., Manoir Industries

An innovative metallurgy solves maintenance issues

Testing and repair options for critical dry-gas seal: Updates
Carmody, C., AESSEAL plc

Do your research when sending compressor seals out for renovations

How to justify root-cause failure analysis for pumps
Perez, R. X., Flint Hills Resource

New method uses annualized risk to determine RCFA analysis levels

Spiral heat exchanger in desalter service solves fouling issues
Wajciechowski, C., Alfa Laval

Technology offers problem-free operation along with considerable maintenance savings

Optimize reordering of critical raw materials and parts
Goti, A., Zabaleta, N., University of Mondragon; Garcia, A., Ortega-Mier, M., Polytechnic University of Madrid; Uradnicek, J., Slovak University of Technology, Bratislava

New models evaluate the ‘total’ costs in receiving and storing materials for a refinery

Engineering Case Histories

Case 62: Useful shaft stress equations to remember
Sofronas, T., Consulting Engineer

Committing several equations to memory can be useful

Gas Processing

Is your antifoam compatible with the amine system?
Atash Jameh, A., Sarkhoon & Qeshm Gas Treating Company; Mokhatab, S., Gas Engineering Consultant; Gharaghoosh, A. Z., Shazadeh, A. G., Sarkhoon and Qeshm Gas Treating Company

Several options help minimize operation costs and mitigate unscheduled shutdowns

Heat Transfer

Update on designing for high-fouling liquids
Nesta, J., Fluor Corp.; Coutinho, C. A., Heat Transfer Research, Inc.

A critical analysis of shell and tube exchanger systems looks at ‘clean and dirty’ service performance

Loss Prevention

Review unit-wide impacts on closed-drain drums
Mukhopadhyay, R., Consultant

API 521 standard helps decipher the correct operating pressure for this system

Process Design

Design an efficient exchanger network
Rikhtehgar, F., KBS Co

Advanced heat integration and pinch technology reduces energy consumption

Columns

HPIn Europe: Biofuels audience warms to advocate for third industrial revolution

Here is a thesis on energy that’s being expounded at the heart of European policy-making these days: Thirty years after peak oil per capita and at the apex of peak globalization, the machines and..

HP Reliability: Consider ‘water washing’ for steam turbines
Bloch, H. P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff; Dowson, P., Elliott Group

Occasions may arise when deposits form on the internal parts of steam turbines. The accumulation of these deposits may be indicated by a gradual increase in stage pressures over time with no evidence ..

HP Water Management: Legionella — to test or not to test?
Huchler, L. A., MarTech Systems, Inc.

Legionella pneumophila (“legionella”) bacteria cause Legionellosis, a pneumonia-like illness that infects persons with compromised immune systems and can be fatal. These bacteria are common ..

HP Viewpoint: Consider new developments in antifouling coatings for rotating equipment
Dowson, P., Elliott Group

Innovative materials and applications protect critical centrifugal compressors and steam turbines from erosion and corrosion

HP Construction: North America
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Chevron Phillips Chemical Co., LP, is advancing a feasibility study to construct a world-scale ethane cracker and ethylene derivatives at one of its existing facilities in the US Gulf Coast region. Th..

HP Construction: South America
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Braskem-Idesa, the joint venture between Braskem and Idesa, has taken another important step in developing its Ethylene XXI project in Mexico. The JV has chosen Technip as the technology provider for ..

HP Construction: Europe
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Uhde has begun construction of what is said to be its first-ever skid-mounted chlor-alkali electrolysis plant in Leuna, Germany. Leuna-Harze GmbH, one of Europe’s leading producers of epoxy resin..

HP Construction: Middle East
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Neste Oil and Abu Dhabi National Oil Co. (ADNOC) have a partnership concerning very high-viscosity index (VHVI) base oils. Along with the cooperation, 600,000 metric tpy of NEXBASE base oil is expecte..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacific
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Fluor Offshore Solutions, a unit of Fluor Corp., has been awarded a front-end engineering and design (FEED) contract by Woodside for the Browse liquefied natural gas (LNG) development. The Browse fiel..

HP Construction: Neste Oil celebrates the grand opening of its ISCC-certified renewable diesel plant in Singapore
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Neste Oil with Singapore’s Deputy Prime Minister and Minister for Defence, Mr. Teo Chee Hean; Finnish Minister for Ownership Steering, Mr. Jyri Häkämies; and some 200 guests celebrated ..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

BASF foam insulating LNG pipes in KoreaBASF’s specialty foam Basotect is now, for the first time, being used to insulate pipes in a liquefied natural gas (LNG) tank terminal in Gwangyang, Korea. ..

HP Impact: HPI recovery underway despite uncertainty
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Purvin & Gertz recently released its global petroleum market outlook for 2011. The study provides an analysis of global and regional markets for crude oil and refined products within a framework of wo..

HP Impact: Small-scale chemistry could improve biodegradable polymers
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Using a small block of aluminum with a tiny groove carved in it (Fig. 1), a team of researchers from the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) and the Polytechnic Institute of New York..

HP Impact: US auto industry could boost profits with higher mileage standards
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

As the US ramps up vehicle fuel efficiency standards, new reports from Citi Investment Research, Ceres and longtime independent industry experts conclude that US automakers will be more profitable at ..

HP Associations: The era of the integrated oil company has passed
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The National Petrochemical and Refiners Association (NPRA) gathered in San Antonio, Texas, for its 109th annual meeting in March. Key points of conversation included the ongoing battle with the US Env..

HP Innovations: HPInnovations

EYESIM Virtual Reality now available on iPhone and iPadFollowing the successful launch of the innovative Virtual Reality training system EYESIM, Invensys Operations Management, a global provider of te..

New Developments

First safety goggle with reading magnifiers The Uvex Stealth Reader Goggle, reportedly the industry’s first safety goggle with reading magnifiers, is available in five diopter strengths rang..

Free Literature: Free Literature

Enriched intuitive company website Ashland’s newly designed company website is said to have many significant enhancements to make it simpler and more useful for its users. At its core, the site&#..

Sulfur 2011 Supplement

The ultimate path to H2S-free gas
Liu, Z., GTC Technology US, LLC; Chia, B., GTC Technology

Advanced technologies offer competitive advantages over traditional methods