October 2011

Archive

Special Report: Process Control and Information Systems

Fine-tune diesel hydrotreating operations
Harismiadis, V. I., Hyperion Systems Engineering Modeling and Simulation; AlDaiel, A. T., AlMulla, M. M., AlNajrani, M. A., Saudi Aramco; Chaitanya, K., Deshpande, A., Hyperion Systems Engineering, Modeling and Simulation

This refinery used a simulator to train operators effectively

Find benefits in automating boiler systems

Dynamic models unravel potential problems in high-pressure steam production and consumption

Process gas chromatography: Avoid the iceberg of hidden expenses
Gaura, M., Emerson Process Management

Total cost of ownership can quickly add up for field analytical equipment

Consider model-based inferential properties for reformers
Beautyman, A. C., AspenTech; Biroli, S., Autuori, A., Eni; Lodolo, S., Aspen Technology

A European refiner opts to apply embedded multivariable predictive controllers as part of an advanced process control system

Intelligent severity optimization project pays off in two months
Wang, H., Wang, Z., Du, W., Wang, D., Qian, F., East China University of Science and Technology; Tang, Z., Sinopec Yangzi Petrochemical Co. Ltd.

Major olefin producer uses new process control to fine-tune energy consumption

Instrumentation

Improve material balance by using proper flowmeter corrections
Peramanu, S., Wah, J. C., Canadian Natural Resources Ltd.

Here are guidelines to increase accuracy for flow measurements

Refining Developments

Refinery configurations: Designs for heavy oil
Garg, M. O., Indian Institute of Petroleum, Council of Scientific and Industrial Research; Kumar, S., Nanoti, S. M., Sharma, Y. K., Indian Institute of Petroleum

Conceptualization and economic models looked at scenarios to process clean gasoline, diesel from domestic feedstock

Columns

HP Control: Reshaping process control: A corporate prerogative
Kern, A.G., Tesoro Corp.

Prior to the 1980s, process control was in the dark ages. Our main “technology” was the single-loop controller, despite that it operated obliviously to the many interactions and non-first or..

HPIn Europe: Europe warily prepares to enter a newly globalized age of biofuels

Biofuels are growing up in Europe. From an exotic outlet for European Union (EU) agricultural product in the 1990s, to a boutique fuel for the green consumer in the 2000s, now today’s industry ha..

HP Reliability: Suction specific speed choices have consequences
Bloch, H. P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

A refinery engineer was in a quandary over requests from a project group. High volume/pressure/temperature pumps in hydrocarbon service were involved and the refinery’s standards had, in 2007, be..

HP Integration Strategies: Automation-related lessons learned from March 11 disasters in Japan
Kai, Shin, ARC Advisory Group

On July 22, four months after the unprecedented earthquake and tsunami struck the Pacific Coast side of eastern Japan, Japanese engineers from various process and other industries gathered in Tokyo to..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Sunoco plans to exit the refining business and has begun a process to sell its refineries located in Philadelphia and Marcus Hook, Pennsylvania. Sunoco also announced that it is conducting a company-w..

HP Impact: European refiners’ safety performance in 2010
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

European oil company association CONCAWE started compiling statistical data on safety performance for the European downstream oil industry 17 years ago. The group recently released its safety report f..

HP Impact: Libya at a glance
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Wood Mackenzie recently undertook an analysis of Libya, attempting to discern how long it could take for a recovery of oil and gas production. One of the key issues in this respect is how quickly the ..

HP Impact: EU Parliament seeks stricter greenhouse gas rules
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The European Parliament is calling for fast action to reduce non-CO2 climate forcers including black carbon soot, hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), methane and ground-level ozone. The Parliament’s call ..

HP Construction: North America
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Dominion is proceeding with its next major project in the Marcellus and Utica Shale regions, the construction of a large natural gas processing and fractionation plant along the Ohio River in Natrium,..

HP Construction: South America
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Foster Wheeler’s Global Engineering and Construction Group has been released to perform the second phase scope for an existing contract with Ecopetrol S.A. for modernization of the refinery in Ba..

HP Construction: Europe
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

A subsidiary of Foster Wheeler AG’s Global Engineering and Construction Group has a contract with Aibel AS to provide detailed design engineering services to support Aibel, which has been appoint..

HP Construction: Africa
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

KBR has a contract with Anadarko Mozambique Area 1, Ltd., to perform a pre-front-end engineering and design (pre-FEED) study for a prospective liquefied natural gas (LNG) plant in Mozambique, Africa. ..

HP Construction: Middle East
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Fluor Corp. has been awarded an engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contract by SAPCo, a joint-venture company being formulated between Saudi Acrylic Acid Co. and Evonik Industries, for it..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacific
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Gladstone Liquefied Natural Gas (GLNG) in Queensland, Australia, has selected Meridium, Inc. as the platform for its enterprise-wide APM initiative. The GLNG plant, which began construction earlier th..

HP Innovations: HPInnovations

Mercaptan oxidation in aqueous waste   Fig. 1. Mercaptan destruction rate.  Tert butyl mercaptan (TBM) and dimethyl sulfide (DMS) are oxidized to destruction in an aqueous-waste so..

Free Literature

High-spectral resolution using a laser The ProCeas product line from ap2e relies on optical-feedback, cavity-enhanced absorption spectroscopy (OFCEAS) technology developed and patented by the Uni..

New Developments

Automated boiler blowdown control system reduces water and energy consumption to cut plant costs The automated Model 61 boiler blowdown control system is said to offer a complete, ready-to-use sy..