August 2012


Special Report: Fluid Flow and Rotating Equipment

Modernize your compressor lube- and seal-oil systems
Bloch, H. P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Each pipe or control line should be traced to its origin, the design intent must be well understood, and all owner-purchaser questions answered by the vendor-manufacturer.

Utility piping: Why over-engineering is inefficient
Wilkerson, G., Victaulic

Grooved mechanical piping can offer improved constructability, speedy expansion, retrofit and turnaround, and also reduce safety risks. It is a quality pipe-joining method.

Consider new developments for variable-speed electric motors
Almasi, A., WorleyParsons Services

New challenges, recent developments, the latest mechanical issues and main reliability factors for large variable-speed electric motor drivers in HPI plants are presented here.

Improve performance monitoring of your turbomachinery
Bhachu, U., Francis, J., Canadian Natural Resources Ltd.

This case study documents the performance variables to consider and apply when monitoring and tracking the efficiency deterioration for a steam turbine using DSs in a PI process book.

Case history: Improve refrigeration compressor performance
Ghaisas, N., Fluor Canada Ltd.

This case examines the mechanical distress and performance deterioration of a critical refrigeration compressor that was installed at a world-scale petrochemicals complex.

Apply new guidelines to select compressors for low-temperature service
Mubarak, S., Bharat Pumps and Compressors, Ltd.

The writer calls on design and process engineers to take extra precautions when selecting and sizing their reciprocating compressors for low-temperature gas service.

Bonus Report: LNG Developments

Use dynamic simulation for advanced LNG plant design
Harismiadis, V. I., Hyperion Systems Engineering Modeling and Simulation; Stavrakas, D., Sood, A., Bhattad, G., Hyperion Systems Engineering; Fantolini, A. M., Pedone, L., D’Orazi, L., Prodan, R., Saipem SpA

The work performed for the project shows that dynamic simulation can be an excellent tool for the support and verification of process design during the engineering, procurement and plant construction (EPC) stages.

PERU LNG: Executing Peru’s largest industrial project

The PERU LNG project includes a liquefaction plant, marine export facilities with an island breakwater, and a 408-km pipeline that connects to an existing pipeline in the Ayacucho mountains. Hunt Oil Co. is the operator.

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Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

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HP Insight: How long is an economic cycle for the HPI?
Romanow, Stephany, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

As summer takes hold in the Northern Hemisphere, demand for energy in various forms increases. In looking back over the past 90 years, energy demand and pricing cycle through high and low points. In 2..

HP Reliability: Consider best-of-class lubrication practices
Bloch, H. P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Last month’s column explained that all hydrocarbon processing (HP) facilities use machinery, and these machines require lubrication. Periodically auditing one’s lubrication practices is part..

HP Integration Strategies: Reliability solutions offer unique value propositions
Hollywood, Paula, ARC Advisory Group

Globally, the process industries lose the equivalent of 5% of production annually because of unscheduled downtime and poor product quality. ARC Advisory Group estimates that almost 80% of these losses..

HP Control: Automation: The path to reliability
Kern, A.G., Tesoro Corp.

Consider the view looking back from 2020. Will the current decade be the decade of process automation? This may seem a puzzling way to frame the question. We have been automating for several decades. ..

HP Construction: North America
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

TWD Technologies has been selected by Great Lakes Biodiesel to build what is said to be Canada’s largest biodiesel plant. It is scheduled to be operational by the autumn of 2012.TWD is providing ..

HP Construction: Latin America
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Shanghai-based Wison Offshore & Marine Ltd., a subsidiary of the Wison Group, has a contract from Exmar Group for engineering, procurement, construction, installation and commissioning (EPCIC) of what..

HP Construction: Europe
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Haldor Topsøe has selected UOP LLC, a Honeywell company, to provide technology to purify hydrogen from a steam-reforming unit to be installed at the Antipinsky refinery in Tyumen, Russia. Honeywe..

HP Construction: Africa
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Naftec SpA, a subsidiary of Sonatrach, is reported to be nearing mechanical completion of a new paraxylene production plant in Skikda, Algeria. Anticipated to be fully operational later this year, the..

HP Construction: Middle East
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Jacobs Engineering Group Inc. has a design contract from Saudi Kayan Petrochemical Co., an affiliate of Saudi Basic Industries Corp. (SABIC), to develop a process design package (PDP) and front-end en..

HP Construction: Asia Pacific
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Alfa Laval has an order from a Technip Samsung Consortium (TSC) to supply equipment to Shell’s Prelude floating liquefied natural gas (FLNG) facility. The Alfa Laval equipment consists of desalin..

HP Construction Profile: Rotterdam LNG facility wins top project award
Romanow, Stephany, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The Gate megaproject is one of Europe's largest LNG terminals. With two jetties, it can unload simultaneously two vessels of the Q-Max type, the world's biggest LNG carriers.

HP Brief: Brief
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Production of oil, other liquids, to increase in USThe US Energy Information Administration (EIA) recently released its 2012 annual energy outlook. The EIA projects US domestic production of petroleum..

HP Impact: Comparing land use impacts for petroleum and biofuels
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The biofuels industry claims its fuel is unfairly singled out by potential regulatory policies that focus on greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions associated with land use change. It argues that petroleum al..

HP Impact: The modern world of steel
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The World Steel Association recently published the 2012 edition of “World Steel in Figures.” This study provides essential facts and statistics about the global steel industry, including inf..

HP Impact: EU chemicals sector output down in 2011
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

European Union (EU) chemicals production recorded a 1.9% decrease in the first four months of 2012 compared with the same period in 2011, according to the latest Cefic Chemicals Trends Report. Monthly..

HP Innovations: Innovations
Blume, Adrienne, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

PCHEs boost power from waste heatHeatric recently supplied Echogen Power Systems Inc. with Printed Circuit Heat Exchangers (PCHEs) for Echogen’s Supercritical CO2 (ScCO2) power generation cycle. ..

Free Literature
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Film on efficient biogas treatment BASF’s new film on “Clean Gas from Waste” looks at biogas and its role as a major energy mix resource. In about four minutes, the film describes the i..

New Developments
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Equipment filters diesel fuel to meet OEM cleanliness specs  A line of fuel-filtration and fuel-coalescer equipment is available to remove particulate and water contamination from No. 2 diesel an..

Safety, Security and Environment 2012 Supplement

Fire incident at Jaipur was a wakeup call
Dutta, H., Oil Industry Safety Directorate

After the 2009 accident at Indian Oil's lubricants terminal, new safety standards were developed to help avoid future tragedies. The focus is as it should be, on people, process and technology.

Safety news
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Safety awards presented at ILTAThe International Liquid Terminals Association (ILTA) held its 32nd Annual International Operating Conference and Trade Show from May 21–23, in Houston, Texas. More..