October 2012


HP Impact: Natural gas vehicles could be gaining traction
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Natural gas vehicles could be gaining tractionA new report from PIRA Energy Group says that the sheer volume of US recoverable gas resources relative to expected demand suggests that benchmark Henry H..

HP Impact: Marginal increase forecast in North American lubricant market
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Marginal increase forecast in North American lubricant marketAlthough it is estimated that there will be a 3% increase in tonnage carried by private fleet operators in the US through 2016, this is exp..

HP Impact: New nanoscale reference material to be known as P25
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

New nanoscale reference material to be known as P25The National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) has issued a new nanoscale reference material for use in a wide range of environmental, hea..

HP Impact: Increased coal-to-olefins processes in China
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Increased coal-to-olefins processes in ChinaChina’s significant domestic supply of coal, combined with a domestic shortage of several key chemical feedstocks, especially ethylene and propylene, a..

HP Brief
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

New fuel standards in the USThe US government recently finalized standards that will increase fuel economy to the equivalent of 54.5 mpg for cars and light-duty trucks by model year 2025. When combine..

HP Innovations: Innovations
Blume, Adrienne, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Invensys introduces new technology offeringsSoftware and technology provider Invensys Operations Management recently released a program to help clients modernize and improve the performance of aging c..

HP Construction: North America
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Jacobs Engineering Group Inc. has a contract from Methanex Corp. to provide engineering, procurement and construction services for a methanol production facility in Louisiana. Officials estimate the c..

HP Construction: South America
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

A subsidiary of Foster Wheeler AG’s Global Engineering and Construction Group has a contract from Petrobras for a world-scale grassroots gas-to-chemicals complex—Complexo Gás-Quími..

HP Construction: Europe
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Clariant has inaugurated what is said to be Germany’s biggest pilot plant for producing climate-friendly cellulose ethanol from agricultural waste. Located in Straubing, Bavaria, and supported by..

HP Construction: Middle East
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

KAR Group has announced the third expansion of its Kalak refinery to 185,000 bpd. Process units and utilities are being provided by Ventech Engineers LLC of Pasadena, Texas. Ventech has provided modul..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacific
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Jilin Qianyuan Energy Development has selected Chemtex, along with Black & Veatch’s patented PRICO LNG technology, to deliver a major liquefied natural gas (LNG) facility. Expected to be complete..

Free Literature

Video highlights steam system designSpirax Sarco’s Steam DesignPro video commercial, hosted on the Spirax Sarco YouTube channel, demonstrates the software’s capabilities to mechanical engine..

New Developments

Clamp-on process meter The CL420 clamp-on process meter is said to safely measure 0–120 mA DC process-control signals without breaking the loop. Typical applications include distributed control s..


HP Reliability: Equipment life extension involves upgrades
Bloch, H. P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Every plant wants to get more service life from site machinery. Since about 1990, quite a number of start-up consulting companies have formed to advise clients on equipment life extension. These compa..

HP Integration Strategies: Recent trends shape the future of DCS
Young, B., ARC Advisory Group

Several trends have already impacted the distributed control system (DCS) market and are likely to continue over the next few years. These include both product- and technology-related trends and gener..

HP Water Management: Consider software tools for water reuse projects
Huchler, L. A., MarTech Systems, Inc.

The hydrocarbon processing industry needs reliable and economic sources of water for present and future operations. Ensuring a sustainable water supply requires a focused effort to evaluate the qualit..

HP Insight: Changes in the world order
Romanow, Stephany, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The only constant is change. In the hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI), change facilitates new discoveries process technologies and products to resolve problems. Likewise, change reshapes markets f..

Special Report: Process Control and Information Systems

Update hydrocracking reactor controls for improved reliability
Kern, A.G., Consultant

The industry consultant believes auto-quench, excursion control and bed-outlet layers should join auto-depressure as industry-best practice for all hydrocrackers.

Use a systematized approach of good practices in pygas hydrogenation via APC

APC with inferential modeling was successfully applied to pygas hydrogenation units. The lengthening of the catalyst run length limits downtime for both the pygas unit and upstream units such as the steam cracker.

Why don’t we properly train control engineers?
King, M. J., Whitehouse Consulting

While there are managers in the process industry that see training control engineers as a “no-brainer,” these are very much in the minority. They may send staff on courses covering configura..

Consider automated fault detection systems to improve facility reliability
Szladow, A. J., REDUCT & Lobbe Technologies Inc.

Automated fault detection and diagnosis systems (AFDDSs) are well established in many consumer and industrial sectors.1 The conventional limit-value based (high/low alarms) fault detection and diagnos..

Optimize desulfurization of gasoline via advanced process control techniques
Yadav, V., Dube, P., Shah, H., Debnath, S., Indian Oil Corp., Ltd.

This case history describes the development of the inferential models used in open-loop and closed-loop applications, laboratory and analyzer update mechanisms, and APC model generation.

Refining Developments

Maximize diesel production in an FCC-centered refinery, Part 2

Part two of this series focuses on the selection of FCC catalysts, methods for hydroprocessing light cycle oil (LCO) and the production of diesel fuel from FCC byproducts.

Sulfur 2012 Supplement

Optimize sulfur recovery in dilute H2S sources
Heisel, M. P., ITS Reaktortechnik GmbH; Slavens, A. F., WorleyParsons,

The new direct oxidation process is an economic method for sulfur recovery from low-H2S content gases, converting H2S in a gas catalytic process directly to elemental sulfur.

Heat Transfer

Identify and control excess air from process heaters
Ahamad, S., Vallavanatt, R., Bechtel Corp

Process heaters are the largest consumers of energy in most plants. A refinery, on average, burns approximately 2 billion Btu/hr of fuel in fired heaters. The total quantity of fuel burned (heat relea..

Rotating Equipment

Apply new pump-drive software to test performance
Bihler, K., Bihlertech, Inc.; Dominiak, D., Automate the World, Inc.; Keith, B., Toshiba International Corp.; Johnson, J., Hydro Inc

Process control schemes involving fluid-flow machinery with traditional adjustable speed drives (ASDs) or modules encounter limitations such as control flexibility and accuracy. In this context, the t..