February 2014


Special Report: Clean Fuels

Case history: Characterization of shale oils and heat exchanger performance
Sayles, S., Romero, S., KBC Advanced Technologies

LTOs are paraffinic, low in asphaltenes but high in filterable solids. Understanding the impact of these mechanisms can shed light on preheat exchanger performance and the prediction of fouling rates.

Optimize hydrogen plant efficiency with new MTS catalysts
Hartono, T., Technip

To study the impact on plant efficiency of using MTS catalysts, a comparison case study was held between the HTS-based and MTS-based H2 designs currently in operation.

Russian refiners use oxygenates to preserve octane
Levinbuk, M., RAS, A.V. Topchiev Institute of Petrochemical Synthesis, Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas; Kuznetsov, S. E., OAO Gazprom Neft; Zolotarev, A. S., Gubkin Russian State University of Oil and Gas

A case study was conducted regarding the physical and chemical properties of key gasoline oxygenates, such as methyl tertiary butyl ether (MTBE), tertiary amyl methyl ether (TAME) and other blending components.

Improve the isomerization of alkanes by catalytic distillation

The isomerization of light gasoline fractions is crucial to producing high-octane fuels and to reducing the benzene content in gasoline. One of the most promising options for isomerization is catalytic distillation.

HPI Focus: The Green Refinery

A biofuels roadmap for Europe to 2030
Bauen, A., E4tech

What will the transport sector use as an energy source in 2030? If you answered gas, electricity or hydrogen, you could be on the right track. These sources are becoming increasingly useful to meet cl..


Integrated management helps compliance with maintenance, startup and shutdown rules
Bejarano, F., Sussman, M., Kleinfelder

To comply with stricter air quality regulations while allowing for continued growth, hydrocarbon processing facilities must efficiently minimize pollutants without interrupting production (Fig. 1). Tr..

Inspection and Reliability

Inspect steam reformers and catalyst tubes with infrared thermography
James, S., Thermal Diagnostics

Infrared thermography is a useful inspection tool to help locate problems in steam reformers while the units are online and fired. There are three main areas in a reformer that can be efficiently insp..


Consider robust tank overfill prevention and independent alarm and gauging systems
Myers, P. E., PEMY Consulting

Elimination of tank overfills is a significant problem for the petroleum industry. Since most tank receiving operations are manual, the operators rely heavily on tank level gauges and alarms for overf..

Project Management

Project management: Construction of modern-day hydrogen capacity in the Middle East
Shahani, G., Linde Engineering North America, Inc.; Shahani, S., Crisler, M., Kogan, L., Linde Engineering North America Inc.

Refining heavier and high-sulfur crude oils consumes high volumes of hydrogen (H2). Most refineries have exhausted process-based H2 supplies and must use on-purpose sources. This article follows the d..


HP Editorial Comment: What’s next for the energy industry?
Romanow, Stephany, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Year-end always leads to insightful predictions for the upcoming 12 months and possibly some longer-term insights. In writing this editorial at the end of December, HP reviewed several 2014 outlooks t..

HP Reliability: Best practices when trim-cutting closed-pump impellers
Bloch, H. P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Experienced reliability professionals will implement least-risk solutions whenever possible. The following example relates to impeller trimming to reduce the diameter of a fixed-speed centrifugal pump..

HP Automation Strategies: ISO 55000 will up the ante for asset performance management
Hollywood, Paula, ARC Advisory Group

Unless you have been living under a rock for the past few years, you should have heard about the upcoming ISO 55000 Asset Management Systems standard. How will this impact the hydrocarbon processing i..

HP Boxscore Construction Analysis: Kuwait eyes top spot in Middle East clean fuels production
Nichols, L., Hydrocarbon Processing

Kuwait National Petroleum Co. is investing $31 billion in projects to modernize the country's Mina Abdullah and Mina Al-Ahmadi refineries, as well as to construct the region's largest refinery, the Al-Zour plant. Once completed, these projects will reshape Kuwait's refining sector.

HP Viewpoint: Methanol: The other transportation fuel
Dolan, G. A., Methanol Institute

In the US Congress, the Open Fuel Standard Act was introduced to direct automakers to have half of all new cars by the 2017 model year capable of operating on something other than gasoline, with model..

HP Engineering Case Histories: Case 77: Random deck vibration with beats
Sofronas, T., Consulting Engineer

When something vibrates, it is usually in a predictable manner. Motors, pumps, compressors, turbines and centrifuges all vibrate when they are out of balance. Vibration analysis can help predict the s..

HP Industry Perspectives: New crude oil supplies stabilize oil prices
Romanow, Stephany, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

A new US Energy Information Administration (EIA) report highlighted a positive trend unfolding within the global energy market. The rise in US crude oil production has greatly contributed to stabilizi..

HP News
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

US senator suggests lifting ban on oil exports    The Trans-Alaskan pipeline terminus in Valdez, Alaska. Photo courtesy of The Center for Land Use Interpretation. Senator Lisa Murk..

HP Innovations
Blume, Adrienne, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Innovations for February 2014.

HP People
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Marathon Oil’s board of directors has elected Morris R. Clark, currently Marathon Oil assistant treasurer, to the position of vice president and treasurer. Mr. Clark will succeed Michael K. Stewa..

Free Literature
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Pumps for fluid control in laboratory, process and industrial applications Fluid Metering, Inc.’s (FMI’s) 2014 full-line catalog contains new products, along with expanded flow and conf..

New Developments
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Centrifugal-pump manufacturer receives award from Russian oil and gas industries   In refineries where toxic/hazardous media are transported, extreme safety is necessary, and the requirement..

Heat Transfer 2014 Supplement

Update on ambient heat transfer for storage tanks
Anjan, S., Khan, K., Professional engineer

Heat gain from ambient or heat loss to atmosphere is discussed in standards and technical publications.1, 2 However, the work on fluid/ambient thermal interactions rarely includes an important factor&..