May 2014

Archive

Special Report: Maintenance/Reliability

Reliability tips for centrifugal process pumps
Bloch, H. P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The pump’s behavior can be likened to that of a manual transmission in an automobile. While a car can be driven 80 mph in first gear, it would be a mistake to do this for an hour or so.

Micro-alloyed steel: New standard for reformer tubes

Reformer furnace tubes are designed to operate under high temperature and pressure. Historically, these tubes exhibit improved creep resistance at higher temperatures. The improvements in creep resist..

Evaluate piping for displacement-controlled loading
Tharakan, J., Suncor Energy Products; Anisuzzaman, M., Suncor Energy Inc.

In a Canadian case study, new piping under construction suffered some settlement in the underground portion, as evidenced by soil movement and slight deflection of the above-ground section.

HP Forum

IRPC 2014: Defining the course of the global HPI
Smith, M., Gulf Publishing Company

Leading hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI) executives and technical experts will come together June 24–26 in Verona, Italy, to share ideas, innovation and vision for the global downstream indu..

Petrochemical Processes

2014 Petrochemical Processes Handbook

Hydrocarbon Processing's Petrochemical Processes 2014 handbook reflects the dynamic advancements available in licensed process technologies, catalysts and equipment. This handbook is an inclusive catalog of established and cutting-edge licensed technologies that can be applied to existing and grassroots facilities.

Process Design

Use dynamic models when designing high-pressure vessels
Stephenson, G., Renfro, J., Honeywell Process Solutions; Marques-Riquelme, E., Vandu, C., Shell Global Solutions International BV

By definition, a pressure vessel is a closed container that is designed to hold gases and/or liquids at pressures substantially different from ambient conditions. They are used in many applications su..

Refining Developments

Innovative catalyst solution mitigates FCC operational issue
Ismail, S., Neuman, D., BASF Corp.; Sexton, J., Larsen, N., Highfield, J., Marathon Petroleum Company, LP

Marathon Petroleum Co.’s (MPC’s) Catlettsburg fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) experienced a catalyst circulation constraint due to partial blockage of an intra-regenerator standpipe. Th..

Safety

Minimize false assurances in hazard analyses
Sawyer, M., Apex Safety Consultants

Hazard analysis is a powerful and highly effective tool for identifying and evaluating potential hazards and control measures (Fig. 1). Its versatility provides an economical and insightful assessment..

Columns

HP Reliability: Make equipment decisions with up-to-date technical information
Bloch, H. P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Answering lube practice-related questions is important. These questions provide insight on the status of education and technology, along with trends in understanding equipment reliability, safety and ..

HP Automation Strategies: The automation challenge requires new approaches
Hill, D., ARC Adivsory Group

It might be human nature to feel that the professional challenges that we face every day are unique. However, while business and production objectives may vary greatly from company to company and from..

HP Project Management: Better strategies avoid project delays—Part 2
Corrales-Pérez, J., Tecnicas Reunidas

How can project managers avoid project schedule overruns? Part 1 discussed how to analyze the root causes for project delays. In Part 2, strategies to overcome project delays will be explored.Critical..

HP Global: Russian executives to build country’s first waste oil refinery
Foster, H., Freelance Journalist

The 4-MMtpy Kirishi-2 refinery is anticipated to cost $3.14 B to construct. Plans call for the refinery to be expanded to a capacity of 12 MMtpy at a later date, at an additional cost of $5 B–$7 B.

HP Petrochemicals: Ammonia production booms on cheap natural gas
Keel, T., IHS Chemical

Thanks to the availability of a steady supply of affordable natural gas as a feedstock, the ammonia and fertilizer industries in North America are experiencing a renaissance that has not been witnesse..

HP Gas Processing: Asian gas market seeks lower pricing, infrastructure expansion: Part 1
Blume, Adrienne, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The Gastech 2014 Conference and Exhibition brought together a number of panelists from the buyer and seller sides to share their recommendations for securing Asia’s gas demand. The first panel session of the conference examined gas pricing, infrastructure requirements and market evolution, from a demand-side perspective.

HP Boxscore Construction Analysis: Qatar’s petrochemical sector surges through new projects
Nichols, L., Hydrocarbon Processing

Rising gas production is propelling Qatar to be a global leader in LNG exports and GTL technology, and it will play a key role in the future growth of Qatar’s downstream sector.

HP Viewpoint: What characteristics define the world’s best refineries?
Stroup, J. D., HSB Solomon Associates LLC

A number of significant forces are reshaping the global refining industry. However, what characteristics define the world’s best refineries? HSB Solomon Associates LLC’s recent “Fuels R..

HP Industry Perspectives: Reflections from a petrochemical giant
Romanow, Stephany, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Frank Popoff, retired chairman and CEO of the Dow Chemical Co., shared his insight on the petrochemical industry at the AFPM’s 2014 International Petrochemical Conference (IPC). With a career spa..

HP News
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

EU-US Energy Council discusses European energy security The EU-US Energy Council met recently in Brussels, Belgium. Following the gathering, the council issued a statement indicating that developments..

HP Industry Metrics
Romanow, Stephany, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The OPEC Reference Basket for crudes fell $1.23 in March. Changes in the crude oil markets are attributed to a slowdown in China’s economy and reduced crude oil demand by refineries. Non-OPEC sup..

HP People
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Wood Group Mustang has promoted Tim Griffin to vice president of industrial operations, leading the company’s North American industrial division based in Greenville, South Carolina. The division ..

Free Literature
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Ensure equipment compliance in hazardous areas  METTLER TOLEDO offers a new white paper, ‟Competency is Key: Hazardous Area Regulations and Standards,” to help readers apply global, Eu..

New Developments
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Epoxy tank liner for severe chemical environments A 100% solids epoxy liner is available for use in transport tanks containing chemical blends or acids used in hydraulic fracturing (fracking). Se..

Misc

What separates the best-of-class companies from the rest?
Romanow, Stephany, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Many metrics can be used to define the top-performing downstream companies. Often, it includes financial (profits) results, environmental and safety performance, equipment availability and more. Howev..

Terminals and Storage Supplement

Use innovative solutions to return storage tanks back to service faster
Hair, J., The Sherwin-Williams Co.

High-solids epoxy linings for the petrochemical terminal and pipeline market are gathering high interest as the need to efficiently return storage tanks back to service becomes more prevalent. Some co..