November 2017

Archive

Special Focus: Plant Safety and Environment

Demystify hazardous area classification and compliance assessments
Johnston, J. E., Eccleston, C. A., Bath Process Safety Management

As safety becomes increasingly paramount at hydrocarbon processing facilities, so too does the importance of addressing and clarifying the confusion associated with hazardous area classification (HAC) assessments and compliance auditing in Class 1 locations.

Improve removal of phenolic and amine compounds in a sour water stripper
Argirov, G., Chakarov, P., Pavlova, A., Stratiev, D., LUKOIL Neftohim Burgas

Joint stripping in a refinery sour water stripper (SWS) unit contributes to the concentration of phenols and total nitrogen (N) in the discharged treated water from the wastewater treatment unit.

Process safety incidents involving simultaneous operations
Baybutt, P., Primatech, Inc.

Some process safety incidents occur as the result of simultaneous or sequential occurrences of operations or activities that interfere or clash with each other.

Safety in design during mechanical engineering
Kunte, V. A., Swami, S. S., TATA Consulting Engineers Ltd.

After a process engineer has completed preliminary documents such as process flow diagrams, material and energy balance, piping and instrumentation diagrams, equipment data sheets, process control philosophies, identifications of the hazardous nature of raw materials, chemicals, byproducts and final products, process equipment layout drawings (plans and elevations), unit plot plans, etc., these documents are issued to other disciplines to carry out further engineering.

Process Optimization

Heavy crude oil processing design and reliability
Martin, G., Liu, Z., Wang, S., GTC Technology US LLC

Revamping refineries to process heavier crude slates goes well beyond the requirements to meet equipment performance dictated by a shift in the quantity of lighter product yields to heavier products.

Comparing DNBP replacement options in styrene production

The manufacturing of styrene commonly uses 2,4-dinitro-6-sec butylphenol (DNBP) as a retarder to protect against styrene polymer formation.

Optimizing the dehydration process with advanced process simulation
Dyment, J., Aspen Technology

In the operation of natural gas pipelines, a blockage or leak can cause expensive production losses, damage equipment and pose safety hazards.

Optimize operating parameters for C3 splitters to accommodate feed changes
Sami, M., Contributing Writer

In the oil and gas sector, fractionation is a vital part of every plant.

Maintenance and Reliability

Case histories of amine plant equipment corrosion problems–Part 1
Daughtry, J., Teletzke, E., INEOS Oxide GAS/ SPEC Technology Group

Lost production from corrosion costs the oil and gas industry more than $1 B/yr.1

Redesign, simplify and demonstrate facts
Vila Forteza, M., Repsol SA

The Petronor oil refinery is located in northeastern Spain. Recently, the facility converted its last rolling element-equipped machine from liquid oil lubrication to pure (“dry-sump”) oil mist.

Balanced oil sealing solution reduces lube oil leakage at compressor drive train
Langela, M., STASSKOL GmbH

Reciprocating compressors use a piston rod connected to a drive train at the crosshead section.

Connecting rod failure in a new reciprocating gas compressor
Zardynezhad, S., Contributing Writer

Compressor failure in an oil refinery can have severe consequences on health, safety and the environment.

Columns

Editorial Comment: Ingenuity out of necessity
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

One of the main focal points in this issue of Hydrocarbon Processing is the environment.

Reliability: Could a company be its own worst enemy?
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

In a recent conversation with a “pump veteran,” we explored his 33 yr of experience with pump original equipment manufacturers (OEMs) from 1984–1997 and with a widely known non-OEM (1997–2017).

Refining: Alkylation—What’s a refiner to do?
Pawloski, J., Veolia Water Americas

Within the refining industry, gasoline production and alkylation capacity are running at near all-time highs.

Operations: Maximizing the opportunity of discounted crudes
Duggan, G., Navarrete, R., Baker Hughes

As the oil and gas industry adjusts to a business environment in which crude oil prices will likely remain lower for longer, refiners continue looking for ways to maximize their profitability.

Global: Russia’s plan to dominate fuel supply to Asia
Gerden, E., Contributing Writer

Russia hopes to become a major supplier of gasoline, diesel fuel and other oil products to the Asia-Pacific region during the next several years, with help from the planned launch of large-scale refineries in the Far East that will be built with the participation of Asian investors.

Machinery: Soft skills and habits that all machinery professionals must develop—Part 2
Perez, R. X., Consultant

In Part 1 of this column (Hydrocarbon Processing, September), I began discussing useful techniques that fall into the general category referred to as “soft skills.”

Optimization: Filtration for processes inside refineries
Sullivan, C., Valin Corp.

Proper filtration is one of the most important functions performed inside refineries.

Safety: Process safety and risk management— An industry view
Jones, S., Petrotechnics

In 2017, Petrotechnics released its process safety and risk management (PSM) survey.

Industry Perspectives: The latest in refining technology
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Nearly 700 refineries are operating in more than 120 countries around the world.

Business Trends: Preparing for a sea change in global refining
Follette, C., Ruiz-Cabrero, J., Boston Consulting Group

The global oil refining industry has been buffeted by many events in recent years.

Industry Metrics
Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The global middle distillate market continued to improve on healthy demand and depleted stocks amid regional maintenance, while the bottom of the barrel saw pressure due to low demand and high inventory levels in Asia and Europe.

Innovations
Andrew, Bob, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

ABB has introduced a new MID/OIML R117 certified high-accuracy CoriolisMaster Coriolis mass flowmeter for custody transfer applications in the oil and gas industry (FIG. 1).