Heat Transfer

Key design considerations for vacuum process condensers

Lines, J., Graham Corp.

The crude oil refining and petrochemical industries make extensive use of condensers that operate under vacuum (i.e., below atmospheric pressure). Distillation is the most common process using these condensers, either as a process precondenser ahead of an ejector system, or as an intercondenser within an ejector system.

Enerfab to provide heat transfer equipment services

Enerfab is expanding its overall service offering to include heat transfer equipment services formerly provided by American Power Services.

Project Management: Global trends in energy savings: Are emerging technologies the solution?

Hutton, D., Gómez-Prado, J., KBC Advanced Technologies

Despite low energy prices, energy conservation continues to be an important component of business strategy in the oil refining and chemical industries.

HTRI acquires SmartPM fouling management software and services

HTRI, a provider of research, software and services to the thermal process industries, has acquired SmartPM from IHS Markit, a business information provider.

Review of the CSB report on the 2010 Tesoro refinery fire

McGovern, S. J., PetroTech Consultants

On April 2, 2010, a catastrophic fire occurred within the naphtha hydrotreating unit in the Tesoro refinery in Anacortes, Washington. The final CSB report, including recommendations, was issued in May 2014, more than four years after the incident that resulted in the tragic loss of seven lives. This work critically reviews the CSB analysis of this incident and several of its resulting recommendations.

Reduce industrial energy bills through improved combustion control

The last few years have been an extremely challenging period for the oil industry due to the adverse global economic environment and the impact of unfavorable external factors.

Sample heat transfer fluids to offset carbon effects on thermal plant efficiency

Wright, C., Global Heat Transfer

The long-term viability of a plant depends on maintaining continuous output and reducing production costs.

Optimize isomerization reactor temperatures and component RON

N. Toraman, K. Kahraman, TÜPRAŞ-Turkish Petroleum Refineries Corp.; P. Billings, O. Sabitov, Honeywell UOP

Isomerate is useful because it is paraffinic and contains no benzene, aromatics or sulfur. This pentane and hexane fraction of crude oil is known as light naphtha. The main objective of reactions is to increase the research octane number (RON) of the components. Decreasing fuel consumption without changing the product RON of isomerization units is discussed here.

Use computational fluid dynamic analysis to revamp fired heaters

Garg, A., Chilka, A., Furnace Improvements Services Inc.

A refinery process fired heater system consists of multiple sub-units, of which the fired heater is the most critical, as it impacts the overall efficiency of the system.

Calculate thermal efficiency to optimize fired heater operation

Ibrahim, M. E., Shirpurkar, V. D., Saudi International Petrochemical Co.

In a Saudi International Petrochemical Co. petrochemical plant, fired heaters are designed to supply heat duty at 7 MW and are one of the major consumers of energy.