Hydrogen

Upgrading the bottom of the barrel

Elshout, R., Energy Systems Engineering; Bailey, J., Brown, L., Nick, P., Consultant

In the past few decades, new technologies, including both carbon rejection methods and catalytic conversion methods, have emerged.

Dynamic simulation of integrated syngas, O2 and steam networks for a gasification complex—Part 1

Dadhich, V., Karvekar, N., Mathew, T., Reliance Technology Group, Reliance Industries Ltd.; Bhattad, G., Saxena, M., Kodolikar, P., Honeywell Automation India Ltd.

Reliance Industries Ltd. (RIL) operates the world’s largest refinery complex, with a combined crude processing capacity of 1.24 MMbpd that is split between two refineries: a Domestic Tariff Area (DTA) refinery and a Special Economic Zone (SEZ) refinery in Jamnagar, India.

Advancing export terminal technology: An optimized process for the refrigeration of cryogenic hydrocarbons

Ethane production in North America (NA) has expanded dramatically with the onset of shale production and associated hydraulic fracturing. Ethane concentrations in fractured shale gas are typically 10% or higher vs. a traditional range of 4%–7% in associated gas.

Continuous catalytic regeneration reformer optimization: A result of change in mindset

Kumar, K. S., Shukla, S., Shreya, K., Bharat Petroleum Corp. Ltd.

In today’s industrial environment, where refiners are struggling to improve gross refinery margins, around-the-clock process optimization is a must.

Convert the heaviest fraction of the barrel into valuable products

A proprietary slurry technologya represents an innovation in residue conversion and unconventional oil upgrading, and marks a step change in the treatment of the heavy end of the barrel.

Optimization: Filtration for processes inside refineries

Sullivan, C., Valin Corp.

Proper filtration is one of the most important functions performed inside refineries.

Heavy crude oil processing design and reliability

Martin, G., Liu, Z., Wang, S., GTC Technology US LLC

Revamping refineries to process heavier crude slates goes well beyond the requirements to meet equipment performance dictated by a shift in the quantity of lighter product yields to heavier products.

Optimize a refinery H2 network using spreadsheet tools

Salgado, H., Ecopetrol

One of the major goals in every refining complex is to minimize the utilization of its hydrogen (H2) generation units by maximizing the H2 recovery from residual streams.

Guangxi Petrochemical revamps hydrogen unit with Honeywell UOP technology

DES PLAINES, Ill. — Honeywell announced that CNPC Guangxi Petrochemical Company has successfully converted its existing pressure swing adsorption (PSA) unit to Honeywell UOP Polybed PSA technology, enabling it to produce high-purity hydrogen.

Improve H2O measurement in catalytic reformer H2 recycle streams

Engelhart, W. G., SpectraSensors

Catalytic reformer units convert naphtha into high-octane aromatic compounds called reformates, which are used in gasoline blending and formulation. UOP developed the catalytic reforming process and brought the first unit into operation in 1949.