Loss Prevention

California safety, health board approves new hazard regulations for refineries

OAKLAND, Calif. -- The Department of Industrial Relations' (DIR) Occupational Safety and Health Standards Board approved a regulation to strengthen workplace safety and health at oil refineries across the state. The new regulation provides a framework for anticipating, preventing and responding to hazards at refineries.

Equipment critical analysis: The need for an effective maintenance program

Zardynezhad, S., Toyo Engineering Canada Ltd.

Oil refineries and large petrochemical plants contain thousands of pieces of process and utilities equipment that are subject to wear, erosion, deterioration, aging, etc., resulting in increasing breakdowns and outages. Imagine being a maintenance engineer and receiving 50 work orders during an overhaul with a limited budget, time, labor, spare parts, tools, machines, etc. How does that engineer prioritize the work?

Business Trends: Human reliability—a disruptive innovation

Snider, B., Small Hammer Inc.

Annual bottom-line losses due to equipment failures total more than $100 MM at major refineries and petrochemical complexes. Corporate executives charge plant personnel with improving the reliability of the facility.

Editorial Comment: Maintenance—a value-added expense

Lee Nichols, Hydrocarbon Processing

This issue of Hydrocarbon Processing tackles one of the most integral aspects of the downstream industry (or any industry, for that matter): maintenance and reliability. These two terms go hand-in-hand and help to ensure efficient and safe operations.

Installation of liquid sulfur degassing processes in existing SRUs

Van Grinsven, R., Van Son, M., Jacobs Comprimo Sulfur Solutions

Over the last 35 yr, more companies worldwide have installed liquid sulfur degassing processes in their sulfur recovery units (SRUs) to minimize the dangers of the release of hydrogen sulfide from the produced elemental sulfur.

Industry Perspectives: Hydrocarbon Processing’s IRPC returns to Europe in June

Lee Nichols, Hydrocarbon Processing

Founded in 2009, Gulf Publishing Company and Hydrocarbon Processing’s International Refining and Petrochemical Conference (IRPC) provides a series of events for the international downstream industry covering technical innovations, and exploring both the challenges and opportunities found in today’s market.

Recommended practices for fired process heater instrumentation and control

Schaffer, C., Burns & McDonnell

Fired process heaters are one of the most critical pieces of equipment within many refinery and petrochemical facilities. Proper instrumentation and control of the equipment has direct bearing on the successful operation of the process, as well as on overall facility process safety.

Extend unit life at ammonia-urea plants with debottlenecking and equipment replacement

Kumar, K. R. R., Anand, G. V. S., Nagarjuna Fertilizers and Chemicals Ltd.

Nagarjuna Fertilizers and Chemicals Ltd. (NFCL) operates a large, modern, integrated ammonia-urea complex with an annual capacity of 1.6 metric MMtpd of urea from natural gas feedstock. The facility is laid out in two units, located in Kakinada in India’s coastal state of Andhra Pradesh.

Metso to supply emergency shutdown valves at Orpic petchem complex in Oman

Metso will supply 400 Neles emergency shutdown (ESD) valves for an ethylene cracker as part of the new Liwa Plastics Industrial Complex (LPIC) Project in Sohar, Oman.

Process safety incidents, cognitive biases and critical thinking

Baybutt, P., Primatech, Inc.

Process hazard analysis (PHA) is performed to identify possible hazard scenarios that may occur in a process.