Sulfur

Industry Perspectives: What is the solution to comply with the IMO’s Global Sulfur Cap regulation?

Lee Nichols, Hydrocarbon Processing

In October 2016, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) announced that it will implement a new regulation that calls for the sulfur content in marine fuels to be reduced from 3.5% to 0.5%.

Refining: Uncertainty grips South Africa’s Clean Fuels Program

Oirere, S., Contributing Editor

The planned upgrading of oil refineries in South Africa to produce Euro 5-specified fuels will likely take longer than initially anticipated.

Calculate gasoline RVP seasonal change giveaway economics

Barsamian, A., Curcio, L. E., Refinery Automation Institute, LLC

Despite high demand and depressed refining margins, the US is in the midst of a glut of gasoline. This predicament is causing a rush to convert summer gasoline into cheaper winter gasoline, in the hope that using cheap butane and higher Reid vapor pressure (RVP) specs will increase refining profits.

Driving innovation in the downstream: IRPC returns to New Delhi

Adrienne Blume, Hydrocarbon Processing

Gulf Publishing Company and Hydrocarbon Processing are pleased to announce that IRPC 2017 will be held April 18–20 in New Delhi.

Editorial Comment: Corrosion prevention starts at fabrication

Andrew, Bob, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Preventing corrosion begins with the choice of materials and methods used to fabricate the equipment, piping, valves and instruments that will be exposed to varying process conditions and weather. At present, designers and fabricators can select from a multitude of modern materials and methods. Once in service, effective asset integrity programs will use smart condition monitoring and, where needed, a treatment regime to sustain the useful working life of all components. In the Special Focus section of this issue, we provide several articles that illustrate good practices in vessel fabrication, corrosivity analysis and corrosion prevention treatment.

XOS launches sulfur, chlorine analyzer for petroleum refineries, labs

ALBANY, N.Y. -- XOS announced the release of Sindie +Cl, a sulfur and chlorine analyzer that delivers two critical measurements with one push of a button. It is the ideal for refineries and independent labs to certify sulfur levels in finished products and assess chlorine for corrosion mitigation.

Business Trends: Anticipated market and pricing impacts from new marine fuel regulations

Tallett, M., Witmer, T., Dunbar, D., EnSys Energy; St. Amand, D., Navigistics Consulting

In October 2016, the International Maritime Organization (IMO) announced that it will implement a new regulation that calls for the sulfur content in marine fuels to be reduced from 3.5% to 0.5%. The new regulation will go into effect in January 2020. This action by the IMO will have a profound impact on the maritime and refining industries worldwide, as well as on the environment. This month’s Business Trends section provides an overview on the anticipated impacts of the IMO’s decision on petroleum product markets.

Global: Is India ready for the BS-6 changeover?

Kanwar, R., Contributing Writer

India is the seventh-largest country in the world by land mass. Urbanization is taking place at a rapid pace: According to the country’s 2011 census, more than 377 MM Indians live in nearly 8,000 towns and cities. This count represents more than 31% of the country’s total population.

Put acid gas hydrocarbons in their place with staged regeneration

Bela, F., WorleyParsons

Common organic contaminants of Claus sulfur recovery unit (SRU) acid gas (AG) feed include: heavy hydrocarbons, in general; benzene, toluene, ethylbenzene and xylene (BTEX), in particular; and methanol (CH3OH).

Performance testing: The key to successful revamps

Lieberman, N., Process Improvement Engineering

Process unit revamps often do not result in a refiner achieving its desired objectives. This is typically not the result of mechanical defects with process equipment.