Environment & Safety Gas Processing/LNG Maintenance & Reliability Petrochemicals Process Control Process Optimization Project Management Refining

February 2008


Special Report: Clean Fuels

Growing the bio-economy—a view from an energy refiner
ConocoPhillips: Burke, L.

This refiner candidly discusses 'green' and renewable fuels

E85—it's a whole new ballgame
The Lubrizol Corp.: Corkwell, K.

Additive programs must be designed to handle higher ethanol concentrations in renewable fuels

Use new catalyst technologies to process ultra-low-sulfur diesel
Sud-Chemie AG: Duker, A.

Innovative dewaxing methods can be used to improve cold-flow properties for 'clean' diesel in cold winter climates

Avoid catalyst replacement pitfalls
WorleyParsons: Eskaros, M. G.

Lessons learned on a gasoil hydrotreater revamp show how to mitigate problems

Consider new technology to produce 'clean' diesel
ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Co.: Chitnis, G. K.  |  Hilbert, T. L.  |  Kamienski, P. W.  |  Umansky, B. S.

Advances in catalysts enable cracking gasoils at moderate pressures

What is the outlook for renewable diesel?
A 2nd Opinion, Inc.: Hodge, C.

'Green' fuel technologies are pursuing different paths to achieve acceptance as credible transportation diesel

Second-generation renewable diesel offers advantages
Neste Oil Corp.: Mikkonen, S.

Hydrotreated vegetable oils are more compatible with engine design and operations

Update on US biodiesel production
National Biodiesel Board: Prebo, B.  |  Thurlo Pearson, A.

What a difference a year makes; progress regarding fuel specifications facilitates growing acceptance of renewables

Can motor fuels be redesigned?
Simmons & Company International: Simmons, M. R.

How challenging is the task to provide 'green' transportation fuels without bankrupting the global economy?

What are possible hydrogen sources for refinery expansions?
Saras SpA: Allevi, C.  |  Visconti, A.
Air Liquide S.A.: Di Zanno, P.
Air Liquide Italy: Neri, B.
Saras SpA Raffinerie Sarde: Rosanio, L.
Air Liquide Larege Industries U.S. LP: Vauk, D.

Studying supply options for new refineries or expansions and evaluating possible synergies from 'over-the-fence' supply vs. typical self production

Fluid catalytic cracking—a diesel producing machine
Albemarle Catalysts BV: Pouwels, C.  |  Yung, K. Y.

Advanced catalyst systems maximize middle distillate yields

Bonus Report: Process and Laboratory Analyzers

Analyze biodiesel using liquid chromatography/mass spectrometer instrumentation
Thermo Fisher Scientific: Cavagnino, D.  |  Chen, R.

Combining these testing methods is a fast and reliable way to measure sample contaminates

Consider using micro-distillation technology for process control
PAC: Harris, S.  |  Pigeon, D.

This methodology offers more accurate online physical characterization for improving the bottom line

Monitor explosive combustion kinetics with encoded photometric infrared spectroscopy
Aspectrics, Inc.: Yano, J.

Using this technology can improve analytical performance


Controlling crude unit overhead corrosion by improved desalting
Process Corrosion Consultants: Gutzeit, J.

Here are benchmark values for evaluating the effectiveness of existing units


Why many experts are wrong in forecasting capital investments and other emerging events
Transmar Consult Inc.: Chevriere, J. P.  |  Munisteri, J. G.

The challenge for HPI managements competing for superior foresight is to create hindsight in advance


HP Reliability: Specifications for special-purpose machinery
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Bloch, Heinz P.

It is not the purpose nor is it within the scope of this column to give detailed field erection and installation specifications for the many rotating machines found in modern process plants. However, ..

HP Integration Strategies: The need for a unified asset monitoring system
HP Editorial Staff: Ghosh, A.

Software tools, such as predictive or plant asset management (PAM), provide online analysis of process equipment health; however, they generally do not offer similar information on control system hea..

HPIn Europe: London oil gathering demands social stamina
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Wright, Tim L.

Two of the most important dates in the HPI's meetings calendar are upon us. This month in London, where I'll be headed, it's International Petroleum Week (www.ipweek.co.uk). A few weeks later, the Nat..

HPIn LNG: Consider automation strategies for LNG facilities
Consultant: Mokhatab, S.

The LNG marketplace is complex and is becoming quite competitive. Accordingly, process control/automation systems should not be viewed as a commodity product—used to strictly minimize operation c..

HP Water Management: Lessons learned: Online analyzers in utilities
MarTech Systems, Inc.: Huchler, L. A.

LORAINE A. HUCHLER, Contributing Editor    Comments? Write: editorial@HydrocarbonProcessing.com Online analyzers are increasingly common i..

New Developments

Wireless option for remote video display The patented QuickView pipeline zoom camera can reportedly transmit real-time inspection footage wirelessly to any truck-mounted video monitor or recorder. A n..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Clean-fuels mandates deal varying costs to Asia-Pacific countries
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Wood Mackenzie's analysis of the clean fuels race in Asia-Pacific shows that the cost to refiners of compliance with Euro IV quality standards for gasoline and diesel could total as much as $25 billio..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Thermoplastic elastomers global demand to reach 3.7 million tons in 2011
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Worldwide demand for thermoplastic elastomers (TPEs) is forecast to increase 6.3%/yr through 2011 to 3.7 million metric tons. China is projected to expand its share of the world market from under 30% ..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Economic expansion buoys call for programmable logic controllers in China
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

The Chinese programmable logic controllers (PLC) market is set for strong growth, driven by a vibrant and fast-growing economy that is giving high priority to establishing new factories and facilities..

HP Associations: The valve industry helps the world keep turning safely
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Thinnes, Billy

 BILLY THINNES, News Editor       Comments? Write: BT@HydrocarbonProcessing.com   ..

HP Construction: North America
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Thinnes, Billy

  JBEK has a five-year alliance contract from DuPont Engineering to be the provider of engineering, procurement and construction management services for US plant-based projects up to $10 million..

HP Construction: South America
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Thinnes, Billy

Petrobras has awarded Axens process licenses for its new Rio de Janeiro petrochemical complex (COMPERJ) in Itaborai, Brazil. Investment in COMPERJ is expected to total an estimated $8.5 billion. The ..

HP Construction: Europe
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Thinnes, Billy

BASF plans to raise production capacity in Ludwigshafen, Germany, for higher oxo alcohols by 80,000 metric tons to a total of 390,000 metric tpy. The additional capacity is earmarked mainly for the m..

HP Construction: Middle East
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Thinnes, Billy

The Linde Group has an agreement with the Abu Dhabi National Oil Corp. (ADNOC) for the production and long-term supply of industrial gases to customers in Abu Dhabi, UAE. Linde and ADNOC have partner..

HP Construction: Africa
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Thinnes, Billy

Chevron Corp.'s Angola liquefied natural gas (LNG) project is moving forward to the construction phase. Angola LNG Ltd. has an investment contract with the Angolan government and Sonangol to develop ..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacific
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Thinnes, Billy

  Chevron Corp.'s main Chinese subsidiary has signed a 30-year production-sharing contract with China National Petroleum Corporation (CNPC) for the joint development of the Chuandongbei natural g..

Free Literature

Popular, universal industrial protocol A white paper available from Moore Industries, "Using MODBUS for Process Control and Automation," describes how MODBUS works and how it can be used in new and le..

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Nano technology's implications Recognizing the possibility for "a looming global energy crisis of an unimaginably large scale," Ellen Stechel, mana..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Oil market vigor positioned to persist, says economist
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

The virtual seizing-up of large parts of global money markets is a very serious event. A healthy, functioning money market is absolutely central to the functioning of a modern economy. So says Adam Si..

HP Impact: HPImpact: EU engine maker asks: Is bumpy road ahead for fuels?
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Until the mid-1980s, not much attention was paid to gasoline and diesel fuel quality. However, from the mid-1980s to early 1990s in Europe, an increasing awareness developed over quality. With Euro I ..

HP Impact: HPImpact: Expert assesses chemical facility security in US
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Weirauch, Wendy

Citing the potential for acts of terrorism on any of the thousands of chemical processing plants throughout the country, M. Sam Mannan, a Texas A&M University chemical engineering professor and author..

Letters to the Editor

Letters to the Editor

More on risky trends As expected, last month's article, "Eliminating Risky Trends in Reliability Management" generated considerable reader feedback comments. Allow us to respond and further explain a..


Industry developments
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Jackson, Kim M.

HPI market continues robust growth cycle