February 2011


Special Report: Clean Fuels

Slurry-phase hydrocracking—possible solution to refining margins
Motaghi, M., Subramanian, A., KBR; Ulrich, B., KBR Technology

Opportunity crudes require more hydrogen addition to upgrade orphan product streams into higher-value ‘clean’ products

Convert bottom-of-the-barrel into diesel and light olefins
Sieli, G., Rama Rao, M., Soni, D., Lummus Technology; Bhattacharyya, D., Indian Oil Corp. Ltd., R&D Center

Integrating residue hydrocracking operations with advanced fluid catalytic cracking optimizes upgrading of heavy crude oils

What are the future fungible transportation fuels?
Stockle, M., Foster Wheeler, Reading

Alternatives hold promises to decrease dependence on crude oil, but they also uncover other challenges in distribution and engine use

How to fabricate reactors for severe service

Many critical factors are involved in the design and welding of hydrocracking reactors

Minimize carbon footprint from Claus tail-gas units
Heisel, M., Linde AG; Rameshni, M., Worley Parsons

Reevaluate emissions efficiencies on sulfur-removal operations

Gas Processing Developments

Avoid these risks concerning combustion control in fired heaters
Jenkins, R., Servomex

Tuneable diode laser analyzers offer diagnostic benefits

Plant Safety and Environment

Circumvent design issues when adding new hydrotreating units
Marchetti, M. H., A-Evangelista, S.A.

Follow these guidelines for substantial capital cost savings with existing flare systems


HP Control: Inferential control model input selection
Friedman, Y. Z., Petrocontrol

It is not a secret that I prefer to base inferential models on engineering principles, rather than on regression. Having said that, the use of regression is widespread, and being a consultant in the f..

HP Reliability: Alignment choices have consequences
Bloch, H. P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Optimists tell us about steady industry trends toward reliability-imparting procedures and work processes, while realists continually make us aware of pressures to reduce expenditures. As outside obse..

HP Integration Strategies: Data historians provide effective decision support in near real time
Avery, Allen, ARC Advisory Group

Plant data historians are moving beyond their traditional role as a tool for collecting and archiving data to better understand past plant performance, to becoming a powerful tool that can be used to ..

HP Viewpoint: Consumer protection is a key issue for E15
Drevna, Charles T., National Petrochemical & Refiners Association

NPRA wants to be sure that adding greater amounts of ethanol to gasoline is safe and will not cause engine damage

HP In Brief: HPIn Brief
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Ethanol infrastructure lackingThe US does not have the infrastructure to meet the federal mandate for renewable fuel use with ethanol but could meet the standard with significant increases in cellulos..

HP Construction: North America
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The Dow Chemical Co. plans to increase ethane-cracking capabilities on the US Gulf Coast over the next two to three years, and improve these capabilities by 20%–30% in this timeframe. In addition..

HP Construction: South America
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Foster Wheeler AG’s Global Engineering and Construction Group has been awarded a basic engineering design and front-end engineering design (FEED) contract for two grassroots refineries in Brazil ..

HP Construction: Europe
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Technip has been awarded an engineering, procurement services and construction-management contract by Total to increase hydrocracker capacity at the Normandy refinery located in Gonfreville, France. T..

HP Construction: Africa
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Technip has been awarded a contract by Sonatrach, the Algerian national oil company, for refurbishment and revamping of the Algiers refinery. This lump-sum turnkey contract, worth approximately $908 m..

HP Construction: Middle East
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Petroleum Development Oman (PDO) has awarded a seven-year engineering and maintenance services contract (EMC) to Wood Group–CCC, a joint venture set up to provide operations and maintenance servi..

HP Construction: Asia-Pacific
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

CB&I has announced that Lummus Technology has been awarded a contract by Liaoning Tongyi Petrochemical Co., Ltd., for the license and engineering design of grassroots olefins-conversion technology (OC..

HP Impact: Energy stocks outperformed market indices in 2010
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Despite a poor start, 2010 finished as a “wonderful year” for energy investors, with more than 65% of oil and gas stocks delivering positive returns last year, according to a report from IHS..

HP Impact: Team overcomes obstacles to cellulosic biofuel production
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

A newly engineered yeast strain can simultaneously consume two types of sugar from plants to produce ethanol, researchers report. The sugars are glucose, a six-carbon sugar that is relatively easy to ..

HP Innovations: HPInnovations

Siemens expands anaerobic- digestion product offeringSiemens Water Technologies has acquired the JetMix hydraulic mixing system from Liquid Dynamics Corp. This proprietary system agitates sludge withi..

Free Literature

High-performance nanoceramic grease  Four-page brochure from Dayton Progress details its new DAYLube high-performance grease. Nanoceramic particles in the grease act as sub-microscopic ball beari..

New Developments

Ultra-compact Coriolis flowmeter  The Cubemass Coriolis flowmeter is said to be ideal for installing in spraying or coating equipment, engine test stands and process skids. Cubemass measures mass..