Special Focus: Plant Design, Engineering and Construction

Convert the heaviest fraction of the barrel into valuable products

A proprietary slurry technologya represents an innovation in residue conversion and unconventional oil upgrading, and marks a step change in the treatment of the heavy end of the barrel.

Construction—The cornerstone of a successful project
Rentschler, C., Engineering Consultant; Shahani, G., ShureLine Construction

Construction is essentially a cyclical business.

Incorporate assurance into an operational readiness program—Part 1
Pincheo, G., Reed, W., Jacobs Consultancy

This two-part article will examine how to address common issues on large projects, and how to make an ordered, structured transition in a systematic and repeatable way.a

What you need to know when installing critical power utilities during a plant turnaround
Smith, B., Aggreko Process Services

For refineries and petrochemical plants, turnarounds (TARs) are a necessary, and stressful, activity.

The design and construction of large crude oil storage tanks with double-deck floating roofs
Reddy, K. V., Sajeev, V. N., FACT Engineering and Design Organization

As crude oil prices decline, consumption of petroleum fuels is increasing.

HP Top Project Awards 2017

Details on high-impact refining and petrochemical projects presently under construction, as chosen by HP editors and readers
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The global hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI) continues to expand and modernize to efficiently meet growing demand for energy, transportation fuels and petrochemicals.

Process Optimization

Maximizing energy efficiency in paraxylene production—Part 1
Colling, C., BP AMOCO

Due to reduced margins, higher energy costs and rising atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) content, energy efficiency has never been more important in refining and petrochemicals.

Continuous catalytic regeneration reformer optimization: A result of change in mindset
Kumar, K. S., Shukla, S., Shreya, K., Bharat Petroleum Corp. Ltd.

In today’s industrial environment, where refiners are struggling to improve gross refinery margins, around-the-clock process optimization is a must.

Maintenance and Reliability

Case histories of amine plant equipment corrosion problems–Part 2
Daughtry, J., Teletzke, E., INEOS Oxide GAS/ SPEC Technology Group

Past corrosion incidents provide insight into the causes of corrosion and the preventive actions required to protect plant equipment and reduce costly plant downtime.

Determine service fatigue life for damaged delayed coking unit drums
Aumuller, J., Carmagen Engineering, Inc.

Coke drums and delayed coking units (DCUs) have been a recognizable technology in refineries since the 1930s, and in oil sands plants since the early 1960s.

Environment and Safety

Address damage mechanism reviews in a process hazard analysis

Performing damage mechanism reviews (DMRs) to determine credible degradation modes and susceptibilities of processing equipment has become an important step in developing effective mechanical integrity plans in the refining, chemical processing and related industries.

Determine trace amounts of organic acids causing refinery corrosion
Tang, Z., Yuan, B., Zheng, S., Chung, K. H., North Huajin Chemicals Industries Group Corp.; Shi, Q., China University of Petroleum

Petroleum is a complex hydrocarbon mixture that contains small amounts of organic acids, such as naphthenic acids and phenols.

Columns

Editorial Comment: Hydrocarbon Processing forecasts $361 B in total HPI spending in 2018
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

What is the state of the global hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI)?

Reliability: Deriving high value from reliability conferences
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

In August 2017, a publisher-colleague and I attended an important regional reliability conference in Galveston, Texas.

Refining: What is blending?
Curcio, L. E., Refinery Automation Institute, LLC

Not a day passes without publications, the blogosphere and pundits wringing their hands over the concept of fuel blending. In today’s low-priced crude oil market, the fuel blending business gives blenders a competitive edge that grows every day, attracting new customers and potential new producers intrigued by the possibility of making “easy” money.

Global: Increase in Russian fuel excise tax may hit refinery profitability
Gerden, E., Contributing Writer

The Russian government’s recent decision to raise the excise tax on motor fuel by 1 RUB/l in 2018 may lead to serious losses for the country’s domestic refining industry.

Africa: The rise in Africa’s oil storage infrastructure investments
Oirere, S., Contributing Editor

The drop in crude oil prices, a growing transportation sector and an underperforming crude processing industry have created a strong demand for additional storage facilities in Africa, which is the preferred method of meeting fuel consumption requirements.

Industry Perspectives: New downstream project announcements drop 14% in 2017
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

According to Hydrocarbon Processing’s Construction Boxscore Database, more than 770 new projects have been announced over the past 3 yr.

Business Trends: Propane dehydrogenation technology is transforming the propylene business

Propylene demand has been increasing rapidly in recent years, and traditional processes are struggling to keep up.

Industry Metrics
Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The US saw solid product demand, despite a decline following the end of the driving season, and reduced scheduled maintenance lent some support.

Global Project Data
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Hydrocarbon Processing’s Construction Boxscore Database is tracking more than 1,700 active downstream projects around the world.

Innovations
Andrew, Bob, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

In the demanding environment of a Claus reaction furnace, flame detection sensors must distinguish whether a flame is still burning against a hot refractory lining background.