March 2018


Special Focus: Clean Fuels

Convert LCO to gasoline with a high RON
Gong, J., Mao, A., Long, J., Zhang, J., Chang, X., Tang, J., SINOPEC Research Institute of Petroleum Processing

Due to the growing popularity of family automobiles in China, the country’s domestic oil market is experiencing a rise in gasoline consumption and a reduction in diesel consumption in recent years.

Composite ionic liquid alkylation technology gives high product yield and selectivity
Liu, Z., Zhang, R., Meng, X., Liu, H., Xu, C., China University of Petroleum; Zhang, X., Beijing Zhongshi Aojie Petroleum Technology Co. Ltd.; Chung, W., Well Resources Inc.

Global sentiment has been moving toward a call to develop innovative technologies that address environmental preservation and limit the use of hazardous materials.

Upgrading the bottom of the barrel
Elshout, R., Energy Systems Engineering; Bailey, J., Brown, L., Nick, P., Consultant

In the past few decades, new technologies, including both carbon rejection methods and catalytic conversion methods, have emerged.

Environment and Safety

Combating normalization of deviance within your organization
Caudill, J., Contributing Writer

NASA’s 1986 Space Shuttle Challenger disaster investigation brought the term “normalization of deviance” into the spotlight.

Project Management

Demolition of a refinery—a site exit with many winners
Noé, K., Arcadis

The demolition of a refinery site is a complex, large-scale project.

Process Optimization

Dynamic simulation of integrated syngas, O2 and steam networks for a gasification complex—Part 2
Dadhich, V., Karvekar, N., Mathew, T., Reliance Technology Group, Reliance Industries Ltd.; Bhattad, G., Saxena, M., Kodolikar, P., Honeywell Automation India Ltd.

Reliance Industries Ltd. (RIL) operates the world’s largest refinery complex, with a combined crude processing capacity of 1.24 MMbpd that is split between two refineries: a Domestic Tariff Area (DTA) refinery and a Special Economic Zone (SEZ) refinery in Jamnagar, India.

Flexibility in desalting operations for opportunity crudes
Mejias, I., Liu, Y., Boul, J., Collins, T., Forum Process Technologies

Typically, opportunity crudes require more rigorous desalting to yield high-quality products due to high levels of naphthenic acids, basic sediment and water (BS&W) and filterable solids, among others.

Cost-effective revamp of CO2 removal systems
Arora, V. K., Kinetics Process Improvements, Inc.

The cost-effective revamp experiences of carbon dioxide (CO2) removal systems in three different ammonia plants, and the resulting attractive payback of just a few months are detailed here.

Fluid Flow and Rotating Equipment

Preventing wire wooling journal bearing failure
Brashler, K., Saudi Aramco

This work details the operation of a 21,000-HP, five-stage barrel pump utilized for seawater injection service.

Simulation model of a vacuum heater transfer line
Williams, R. H., C&I Engineering

The vacuum tower is a critical part of many crude distillation units, and the vacuum heater transfer line is a critical part of vacuum tower operation.

Terminals and Storage

Keep a floating roof on an even keel
Skogberg, P., Emerson Automation Solutions

Users of large liquid hydrocarbon storage tanks at refineries and terminals must solve a variety of problems and make trade-offs related to vapor emissions and general structural integrity for these massive containers.

Prevent buckling of tanks with external rafters
Tharakan, J., Suncor Energy Inc.

Most cone roof tanks are designed with roof-supporting structures inside the tank.


Editorial Comment: The future of refining—sulfur need not apply
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

According to multiple industry reports, crude oil consumption will continue to increase over the short term.

Reliability: Consider stainless steel tubing for mechanical seal connections
Bloch, Heinz P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

If, in days past, you have questioned why hard piping was used for mechanical seal flush lines and seal support configurations in process pumps, you are certainly not alone.

Automation Strategies: Top technology trends in automation for 2018
Resnick, C., ARC Advisory Group

The last several years have seen significant advances in, and acceptance of, new automation technologies.

Refining: Russia plans ramp-up in refinery expansion, construction
Gerden, E., Contributing Writer

Russian fuel producers aim to ensure regular supplies of oil products to both the domestic market and foreign importers in the coming years by building new refineries and modernizing existing plants across the country.

Viewpoint: Digitalization is key to increasing the process industry’s productivity
Tuomaala, P., Neste Engineering Solutions

Consumers are continuously looking for healthier, safer and more environmentally sustainable products.

Digital: Operational excellence index—Part 2: The digital transformation
Lehmann, S., Petrotechnics

Without a doubt, digitalization is the engine fueling the growing adoption of operational excellence (OE) in hazardous industries.

Industry Perspectives: Secondary unit construction surges in the near term
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Although the refining industry is expected to add more than 7 MMbpd of new distillation capacity by the early 2020s, the global refining industry will witness a boost in secondary processing capacity, as well.

Business Trends: Rejuvenating the contract “spine” of megaprojects—Part 1
Crossley, B., Energy Contract Solutions Pte. Ltd.; McLeod, G., Chevron

Business executives and project managers are grappling with challenging business environments and a 20-yr legacy of failing megaprojects.

Industry Metrics
Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

US refining margins showed slight gains on the top of the barrel as a result of cold weather-related refinery outages, rebounding slightly from the previous month.

Global Project Data
Nichols, Lee, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

According to Hydrocarbon Processing's HPI Market Data 2018,’ total capital expenditures (CAPEX) are expected to reach $144 B in 2018.

Andrew, Bob, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Hawk Measurement Systems has announced a new OptioLaser S300 that can be used for the detection of all types of liquids, regardless of their dielectric properties.

Rhodes, Mike, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Metso’s board of directors has appointed CFO Eeva Sipilä as Metso’s interim President and CEO, succeeding Nico Delvaux.