Environment & Safety Gas Processing/LNG Maintenance & Reliability Petrochemicals Process Control Process Optimization Project Management Refining


Are hot pipes and equipment surfaces ignition sources in the HPI?

Bechtel India Pvt Ltd.: Biradar, B.  |  Agarwal, A.

Most international and national standards used in the hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI) for conducting hazardous area classification do not provide any guidance or recommendation for non-electrical equipment, such as hot pipe and equipment surfaces, that can act as ignition sources.

HP Flashback: Advancing processing technologies and refining operations: Excerpts from the 1920s

Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Nichols, Lee

The following is a mixture of technical articles, columns and headlines published in the 1920s by <i>The Refiner and Natural Gasoline Manufacturer</i>, the forerunner to <i>Hydrocarbon Processing</i>.

Materials management: Data-centric execution to enhance organizational productivity—Part 1

Bechtel Corp.: Wyss, S.

As a veteran of many capital projects once observed, “All projects execute materials management—those that do so without a plan and the appropriate resources just do it very poorly.”

Corrosion under insulation on stainless steel

Independent Consultant: Rupesh, S.

Corrosion under insulation (CUI) is a severe form of localized external corrosion that occurs on stainless steel (SS) that has been insulated.

External pressure design of large-diameter piping: Optimal analysis approach

Wood Group: Maiti, S.

Large-diameter piping used in the petrochemical, oil and gas, steel plant and power industries often carry toxic fluids and can pose significant safety hazards.

Analyze pressure loss during FCC standpipe catalyst transfer

PetroChina Karamay Petrochemical Co.: Wei, P.  |  Hongwei, Q.
China University of Petroleum: Yansheng, L.

The fluid catalytic cracking unit (FCCU) is the primary conversion equipment for modern refineries to obtain clean transportation fuels, along with high-grade petrochemical feedstock.

Is coating required on stainless-steel components?

ITT Corp.: Kadikar, R.

Stainless steel is a generic term used for a large group of corrosion-resistant alloys containing at least 10.5% chromium (Cr), and possibly containing other alloying elements like nickel (Ni), molybdenum (Mo), manganese (Mn) and nitrogen (N).

Good distributor design for high-velocity feed debottlenecks a crude preflash tower

Bazan Group: Blum, B.
Fluor: Kister, H.
Koch-Glitsch: Tsang, R.

Bazan Group’s crude unit No. 3—not designed by any of the authors’ companies—was bottlenecked by the preflash tower.

Isentropic effects: Application and simulation

Parv Process Consulting and Engineering: Parvin, E.  |  Robinson, A.

A process safety risk in industry is having unknown problems that are not accounted for.

Improve the reliability of a CO2 compressor in a urea synthesis/granulation plant

CNRL-Canada: Zardynezhad, S.

The carbon dioxide compressor is one of the key major equipment in a urea production plant that produces fertilizers.