Safety

Through the looking glass: How US EPA regulations are changing the way we visualize methane leaks

Yanai, O., Opgal

In mid-2016, the US Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) published Regulation 40 CFR, Part 60, Sub-part OOOOa, commonly known as QuadOa. This regulation has propelled optical gas imaging (OGI) firmly into the mainstream, and presents a major shift in the way fugitive emissions are regulated and the technologies that can be used.

Process safety incidents, cognitive biases and critical thinking

Baybutt, P., Primatech, Inc.

Process hazard analysis (PHA) is performed to identify possible hazard scenarios that may occur in a process.

Overcome challenges of correct level reading in a petrochemical reactor

Almas, A., Palmela

Achieving the correct level reading in a petrochemical reactor is a critical process variable in maintaining good process operations (oxidation, digestion, polymerization, crystallization, hydrocracking, hydrogenation, etc.) in the petrochemical industry.

AIChE ’17: 13th Global Congress on Process Safety

Andrew, Bob, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

SAN ANTONIO -- Run in parallel with the AIChE Spring Meeting, GCPS also draws a large attendance and a significant number of exhibitors. Now in San Antonio for 2017, the plenary session AGILE award keynote address was “Chemical Engineers Can Do Anything” by John Televantos of Arsenal Capital Partners.

A reusable sponge could ‘revolutionize’ oil spill, diesel cleanup

CHICAGO -- Scientists at the US Department of Energy's Argonne National Laboratory have invented a new foam, called Oleo Sponge, that can be used to clean up oil and diesel spills in water. The material not only quickly adsorbs oil from water, but also is reusable and can pull dispersed oil from the entire water column—not just the surface.

Minimize operations risks for increased resilience, safety and reliability

Pariyani, A., Oktem, U., Near-Miss Management, LLC

According to the Roman philosopher Seneca, “Luck is what happens when preparation meets opportunity.” The reverse also is true, particularly in the context of safety in the process industry.

Implement proactive asset management techniques

Natarelli, J., T.A. Cook Consultants Inc.

The drop in crude oil prices since 2014 has impacted both upstream producers and downstream players. Upstream producers—those responsible for exploration, drilling and production—were the first to feel the effects. While refining margins benefitted from the drop in crude oil pricing, they began to suffer when record surpluses of gasoline and diesel flooded the market a year later.

Hybrid technique for electroslag strip cladding of critical process equipment

Chattopadhyay, P., Nateghi, A., Lincoln Electric

One of the major challenges in the oil and gas processing industry is to strike a balance among handling the changing qualities of petroleum products and byproducts, increasing the productivity and service life of critical components and reducing environmental hazards. As an example, new refineries are moving to applying conversion methods, such as hydrocracking, to increase yields, while also utilizing conventional distillation. This juxtaposition translates into a higher Nelson Index rating. Greater refinery complexity makes processing low-quality crude oil difficult, if not impossible, thereby precluding bottom-of-the-barrel products.

Driving innovation in the downstream: IRPC returns to New Delhi

Adrienne Blume, Hydrocarbon Processing

Gulf Publishing Company and Hydrocarbon Processing are pleased to announce that IRPC 2017 will be held April 18–20 in New Delhi.

Engineering Case Histories: Case 95—How to avoid becoming overwhelmed in a failure situation

Sofronas, T., Consulting Engineer

When you are involved with a major failure and find yourself staring at pieces of debris scattered all over the area, it can be easy to become overwhelmed.