January 2013


Special Report: LNG/Gas Processing Developments

Optimize LNG boil-off gas systems for regasification terminals
Zolfkhani, M., Ranhill WorleyParsons

Depending on LNG composition, N2 content and plant operating mode, an operating pressure of 7 barg to 8 barg was found by the study to be the optimum pressure range.

Viability of GTL for the North American gas market
Salehi, E., Nel, W., Save, S., Hatch Ltd.

New developments in FT technology will enable economically viable gas-to-liquids (GTL) facilities at a smaller scale, compared with existing industrial facilities.

Molecular sieves in gas processing: Effects and consequences by contaminants
Terrigeol, A., CECA SA

The principles of adsorption on molecular sieves are easy to understand, but practice sometimes reveals traps to avoid.

Improve evaluation of brittle-fracture resistance for vessels
Sims, J. R., Becht Engineering Co. Inc.

This article discusses a new approach and spreadsheet tool for engineers that can be used to provide operating pressure limits as a function of vessel-metal temperatures.

Clean Fuels

Refiners now have a new biofuel option
Schubert, A., Butamax Advanced Biofuels

Biobutanol is coming to market as a gasoline blendstock and can be efficiently made by a range of renewable feedstocks.

Fluid Flow

Evaluate pressure relief system forces in existing installations
Smith, D., White, J., Smith & Burgess LLC; Frenk, B., Frenk Water Technologies LLC

The purpose of this study is to limit the number of relief valves that require rigorous engineering calculations to determine the adequacy of the installation.

Heat Transfer

Improve your plantwide steam network
Pelham, R. O., Merrick & Co.

When optimizing an existing steam network, design and process engineers need a complete understanding of all aspects of the existing system. Accurate energy and material balances must be established.

Rotating Equipment

Update on wet and gas compressor seals
Bloch, H. P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Shaft seals keep compressed gas from leaking out. The need for leak prevention may include process economy, safety and environmental protection. Moreover, the process gas will usually have to be kept ..


HP Reliability: TAMU Turbo and Pump symposiums still leading
Bloch, H. P., Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Beginning in 1971, the Turbomachinery Laboratory of Texas A&M University (TAMU) organized the first of now 41 consecutive annual turbomachinery symposiums, now known as the TAMU Turbo. In 1984, Texas ..

HP Integration Strategies: 3D laser scanning delivers benefits in hydrocarbon processing facilities
Rio, R., ARC

Present 3D laser scanning (3DLS) technology can be used in many diverse applications; it assists in improving efficiency and quality, and reducing time-to-benefit. For discrete industries, 3DLS can sa..

HP Boxscore Construction Analysis: Is the US nearing the next construction boom?
Nichols, L., Hydrocarbon Processing

US activity will be led by LNG liquefaction and export terminals, along with new and expanded fractionators, ethylene crackers and other petrochemical infrastructure.

HP Viewpoint: LNG: Fueling the future
Cooper, B., Center for Liquefied Natural Gas

A few short years ago, the US was a net importer of natural gas. Today, due to the discovery of vast supplies of natural gas and significant technological advancements in unlocking these reserves from..

HP Water Management: Need a package boiler in a hurry?
Huchler, L. A., MarTech Systems, Inc.

Acquiring a package boiler is an unplanned event that requires process engineers to solve this completely unfamiliar problem. To reduce the chaos of replacing them, here are helpful ways to resolve this situation.

HP Brief
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Uncertainty looms in EU economyEuropean chemicals output contracted by 2% in 2012 compared with 2011, according to European chemicals group Cefic. By lowering its forecast released in September, the c..

HP Industry Perspectives: 2012: Is it over yet?
Romanow, Stephany, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

According to a year-end report from the American Chemistry Council (ACC), the global economy is still stumbling three years after the “great recession of 2008.” The Euro area is challenged t..

HP Impact: US crude production hits 15-year peak
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The US Energy Information Administration (EIA) reports that US crude oil production (including lease condensate) averaged almost 6.5 million bpd in September 2012, the highest volume in nearly 15 year..

HP Impact: Increased operating costs in the Asia-Pacific region could derail growth
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Rising operating costs will be the biggest barrier to oil and gas companies’ growth in Asia-Pacific next year, according to a 2013 outlook for the industry by GL Noble Denton. While the sector..

HP Impact: Canadian oil sands GHG emissions scrutinized
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

IHS has released an update to its 2010 report comparing the greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions from fuels made from Canadian oil sands to those from other crude sources. The new analysis found that total ..

HP Impact: North America lagging, Asia-Pacific surging, in sales of natural gas vehicles
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The global market for light-duty natural gas vehicles (NGVs), which produce fewer greenhouse gas emissions than conventional gasoline engines and which run on fuel that is cheaper than gasoline, varie..

HP Innovations
Blume, Adrienne, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

FLNG needs offshore know-howMore and more developers are considering floating liquefied natural gas (FLNG) as a strong option for monetizing gas resources. The sustained work over the last five years ..

HP Associations: Cyber security in the oil sector
Thinnes, Billy, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

The American Petroleum Institute (API) held its 7th annual cyber security conference over two November days in Houston, Texas. Since cyber attacks on industrial targets have grown in frequency and int..

Free Literature
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Website brings product information together in one place Moore Industries’ redesigned website (www.miinet) makes it easier to find information about the company’s interface solutions fo..

New Developments
Meche, Helen, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Actuator provides safe, economical valve operation  The Easi-Drive portable valve actuator is said to securely and effectively operate valves in oil refineries, chemical processing facilitie..


KBR to revamp, expand Hungary ammonia plant

As a leading supplier of ammonia process technologies, KBR has been involved in the licensing, design, engineering and/or construction of more than 200 ammonia plants worldwide, representing approximately half of current global ammonia production. Financial terms were not disclosed.