Reactors

Maximizing energy efficiency in paraxylene production—Part 1

Colling, C., BP AMOCO

Due to reduced margins, higher energy costs and rising atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) content, energy efficiency has never been more important in refining and petrochemicals.

Heavy crude oil processing design and reliability

Martin, G., Liu, Z., Wang, S., GTC Technology US LLC

Revamping refineries to process heavier crude slates goes well beyond the requirements to meet equipment performance dictated by a shift in the quantity of lighter product yields to heavier products.

Process safety incidents involving simultaneous operations

Baybutt, P., Primatech, Inc.

Some process safety incidents occur as the result of simultaneous or sequential occurrences of operations or activities that interfere or clash with each other.

HF alkylation conversion is finally within reach—Part 1

Because of its clean-fuel properties (paraffinic, high octane, low vapor pressure and very low sulfur), alkylate is considered one of the most desired components in the gasoline pool.

Develop reactor internals for optimizing reactor design: High-performance vapor-liquid distributor

Ahn, E. S., Park, S. I., Song, I. C., Kim, G. B., Chang, G. S., GS Engineering and Construction

Vapor-liquid distributors are a crucial element of reactor internals for maximizing catalyst utilization of fixed-bed reactors.

Digital: Transitioning from the spreadsheet to the Cloud

Renick, J., GE Digital

The Industrial Internet of Things is expected to create a $225-B market by 2020, opening new opportunities for industrial organizations related to data and asset management.

Overcome challenges of correct level reading in a petrochemical reactor

Almas, A., Palmela

Achieving the correct level reading in a petrochemical reactor is a critical process variable in maintaining good process operations (oxidation, digestion, polymerization, crystallization, hydrocracking, hydrogenation, etc.) in the petrochemical industry.

Maximize petrochemicals in the FCCU to boost refinery margins, improve gasoline pool quality

In light of the current market dynamics, challenging the FCCU to move out of its “maximum gasoline” comfort zone is a winning strategy to drive overall refinery profitability.

Turning a Tier 3 profit

Esteban, J., Criterion Catalysts and Technologies; Hartman, M., Marathon Petroleum Co.

The continued reduction in refined product sulfur specifications has revolutionized the industry’s landscape over the last decade, increasing the importance of hydrotreating solutions.

HP Engineering Case Histories: Case 84: Remaining service life of plant equipment can be determined

Sofronas, A., Consulting Engineer

For new plant machines and equipment, the life expectancy is determined by the original equipment manufacturer (OEM). Yet, different analysis techniques are often required in a failure analysis. In a ..