Reactors

Innovations

Andrew, Bob, Hydrocarbon Processing Staff

Ross Systems and Controls (SysCon) recently completed the qualification to self-certify its touchscreen purged panels as meeting the rigorous standards of Underwriters Laboratories’ UL-698A Code and the National Fire Protection Association’s NFPA-496 Code.

CFD simulation in chemical reaction engineering

Aglave, R., Eppinger, T., Siemens PML Software

Reaction engineering is a branch of chemical engineering that deals with the design and optimization of chemical reactors.

Upgrading the bottom of the barrel

Elshout, R., Energy Systems Engineering; Bailey, J., Brown, L., Nick, P., Consultant

In the past few decades, new technologies, including both carbon rejection methods and catalytic conversion methods, have emerged.

Advancing export terminal technology: An optimized process for the refrigeration of cryogenic hydrocarbons

Ethane production in North America (NA) has expanded dramatically with the onset of shale production and associated hydraulic fracturing. Ethane concentrations in fractured shale gas are typically 10% or higher vs. a traditional range of 4%–7% in associated gas.

Maximizing energy efficiency in paraxylene production—Part 2

Colling, C., BP AMOCO

Due to reduced margins, higher energy costs and rising atmospheric carbon dioxide content, energy efficiency has never been more important in refining and petrochemicals. This is particularly true in the modern aromatics complex, which produces paraxylene (pX), benzene and other aromatics from naphtha.

Maximizing energy efficiency in paraxylene production—Part 1

Colling, C., BP AMOCO

Due to reduced margins, higher energy costs and rising atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2) content, energy efficiency has never been more important in refining and petrochemicals.

Heavy crude oil processing design and reliability

Martin, G., Liu, Z., Wang, S., GTC Technology US LLC

Revamping refineries to process heavier crude slates goes well beyond the requirements to meet equipment performance dictated by a shift in the quantity of lighter product yields to heavier products.

Process safety incidents involving simultaneous operations

Baybutt, P., Primatech, Inc.

Some process safety incidents occur as the result of simultaneous or sequential occurrences of operations or activities that interfere or clash with each other.

HF alkylation conversion is finally within reach—Part 1

Because of its clean-fuel properties (paraffinic, high octane, low vapor pressure and very low sulfur), alkylate is considered one of the most desired components in the gasoline pool.

Develop reactor internals for optimizing reactor design: High-performance vapor-liquid distributor

Ahn, E. S., Park, S. I., Song, I. C., Kim, G. B., Chang, G. S., GS Engineering and Construction

Vapor-liquid distributors are a crucial element of reactor internals for maximizing catalyst utilization of fixed-bed reactors.