Environment & Safety Gas Processing/LNG Maintenance & Reliability Petrochemicals Process Control Process Optimization Project Management Refining

May 2019


Special Focus: Maintenance and Reliability

Equipment reliability: Critical to protecting margins in a volatile environment
ExxonMobil: Donlon, A.

For any hydrocarbon processor, margin is king.

Four key benefits of an integrity operating window (IOW) implementation
PinnacleART: Addington, F.  |  Folse, J.

In today’s operating facilities, it is critical to have robust mechanical integrity (MI) programs that provide the capability to understand the various parameters that affect asset integrity so that inspections can be planned accordingly.

Cloud-based condition monitoring solutions optimize reliability of rotating equipment
India Farmers Fertilizer Cooperative, Phulpur: Mishra, G.
Nanoprecise Sci Corp.: McClatchie, D.  |  Vedula, S.

Hydrocarbon processing (HP) companies are seeking opportunities to improve productivity, optimize equipment availability and increase process uptime.

Oil flushing benefits and optimization
Wattco: Toledano, I.

Oil flushing has a direct impact on the performance and lifespan of industrial equipment.

Process Optimization

Case study for a high-performing refinery loss control program
Emerson Automation Solutions: Valentine, J.
YPF: Videla, R.

Most refineries have some sort of mass balance and loss control program in place for accounting, planning and scheduling, as well as for financial and operational evaluation purposes.

Pump sealing for low-temperature hydrocarbons and liquefied atmospheric gases
John Crane Inc.: Savage, M.

Pumping of low-temperature and cryogenic fluids requires specific and unique engineering technologies for the shaft sealing system.

Separate fine solid particles from dusty air with a uniflow cyclone
TATA Consulting Engineers Ltd.: Sakthivel, S.
Department of Chemical Engineering, Indian Institute of Technology Delhi: Pitchumani, B.

Fine particles are usually collected by dry collectors, wet collectors, electrostatic precipitators and filters, at the commercial level.

Heat Transfer

Optimize transient plant operations with castable-free fired heater
Bechtel Corp.: Ahamad, S.  |  Thakur, M.  |  Vallavanatt, R.

Fired heaters are designed with castable refractory in various sections of the heater.

Calculate shell-and-tube exchanger heat input for PSV fire case
ProPEng Inc.: Su, S.

According to API Recommended Practice (RP) 521,, “Fire exposure on equipment can result in overpressure due to vapor generation and/or fluid expansion.

Water Management

Selection of cooling water system for gas, petroleum and petrochemical plants located on coastline—Part 2
Namvaran P&T: Safamirzaei, M.

The main options for the cooling water systems of gas, petroleum and petrochemical plants located on coastlines are studied here, and alternatives are compared with the consideration of several technical and economic parameters.

Environment and Safety

Can nuclear power plant methodologies help improve hydrocarbon processing reliability?—Part 1
Consulting Engineer: Pradhan, S.
Tecnicas Reunidas: Zamora, A. A.

Safety requirements within nuclear power plants (NPPs) have encouraged the development of several rigorous methodologies that, in turn, have stimulated excellence in operability, availability, reliability and maintenance to the extent that numerous guides and standards now regulate that industry.

Process Engineering

Coke drum and blowdown system overpressure protection design—Part 2
ExxonMobil Rotterdam refinery: Geronimo, G. DI
ExxonMobil Research and Engineering Co.: Ceary, P. J.  |  Markham, N.

The blowdown (BD) system in delayed coking units (DCUs) receives waste streams generated during the coke drum (CD) decoking process to recover valuable hydrocarbons and water.


Applying industry standards to address cybersecurity risk
ARC Advisory Group: Cosman, E. C.

Cybersecurity standards and related practices contain valuable information for both asset owners and solution suppliers.


Editorial Comment: Sustainability: The latest creation in advancing ideas
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Nichols, Lee

Over the past few months, Hydrocarbon Processing’s editorial staff has traveled thousands of miles to attend numerous conferences, events, users’ groups, groundbreakings, etc.

Reliability: How “Equifactor” training meets the needs of industry
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Bloch, Heinz P.

Almost three decades ago, a Knoxville-based company fittingly called System Improvements (“SI”) decided to change the way the world solves problems.

Project Management: Check installation of the tray column before box-up
Consulting Engineer: Dixit, P.

To push the project schedule, plant owners sometimes proceed the boxing up of columns without approval of the tray designer.

Africa: Financing Africa’s petrochemical projects
Contributing Editor: Oirere, S.

The financing of Africa’s petrochemicals industry expansion remains a key issue for a continent on which governments and the private sector are grappling with an infrastructure financing deficit of $130 B–$170 B, despite some investors having found options to fund their petrochemical projects.

Executive Viewpoint: A vision for the refinery of 2030
Aspen Technology Inc.: Beck, R.

The refining business needs to change dramatically over the next decade.

Digital: Digitalize process plants for operational excellence
Center for Green Technology and Management: Sukumaran Nair, M. P.

A large volume of data is generated during the operation of refining, petrochemical and fertilizer plants.

Power: Temporary power tips for turnarounds and maintenance activities
Aggreko: Smith, B.

Maintenance activities and turnarounds often prove challenging to a facility’s electrical power system.

Workforce: What is the state of the global petrochemicals workforce?
Airswift: Marx, J.
Energy Jobline: Peet, H.

Since its inception 3 yr ago, the Global Energy Talent Index (GETI) has aimed to deliver valuable insights on the needs, concerns and desires of the energy workforce to enhance recruitment and retention strategies.

Industry Perspectives: The evolution of the downstream
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Nichols, Lee

In Hydrocarbon Processing’s April issue, the editorial comment focused on advancing ideas in the downstream processing industries.

Business Trends: HPI construction: Capital expenditures remain above $1.8 T
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Nichols, Lee

As the hydrocarbon processing industry (HPI) nears the middle of 2019, Hydrocarbon Processing is providing an assessment of the global midstream/downstream processing industries’ capital investments.

Industry Metrics
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Rhodes, Mike

A combination of planned and unplanned refinery outages affected US gasoline production, resulting in considerable declines in inventory levels.

Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Rhodes, Mike

Alfa Laval has introduced wide-opening design plates in its Packinox heat exchangers.

Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Nichols, Lee

Opening Gulf Energy Information’s 2019 Eastern Mediterranean Gas Conference (EMGC) in Cyprus was the Minister of Energy, Commerce and Industry for the Republic of Cyprus, H. E. Yiorgos Lakkotrypis.

Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Rhodes, Mike

Stress Engineering Services Inc. (SES) has promoted Kenneth Bhalla to Chief Technology Officer (CTO).