Environment & Safety Gas Processing/LNG Maintenance & Reliability Petrochemicals Process Control Process Optimization Project Management Refining

April 2021


Special Focus: Clean Fuels

Converting a petroleum diesel refinery for renewable diesel
Burns & McDonnell: Chan, E.

As refiners consider renewable, low-carbon alternatives, renewable diesel—refined from agricultural products using petroleum refinery processes—is gaining traction.

Reducing acid consumption: Maximizing sulfuric acid alkylation unit profitability
DuPont Clean Technologies: Peterson, J. R.  |  Rana, D.  |  Ewing, R.

Alkylation is a process used to produce highly branched isoparaffins from the reaction of lighter olefins and isobutane in the presence of sulfuric acid as a catalyst.

Leveraging digital technologies to create the smart renewable diesel facility
OSIsoft: Harclerode, C.

Many companies are modifying existing crude refineries or building grassroots renewable diesel facilities to produce drop-in, green renewable diesel from a variety of agriculturally derived triglyceride feedstocks.

Meeting the Tier 3 challenge with ultra-clean alkylate
Exelus, Inc.: Mukherjee, M.

The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) introduced Tier 3 gasoline sulfur standards in 2017, requiring all U.S. gasoline producers to adhere to an annual 10-ppm average sulfur limit.

A solution to the IMO 2020 MARPOL Annex VI requirement
Rigby Refining LLC: Klussmann, B.

On January 1, 2020, a new requirement limiting the sulfur content of marine fuel to a maximum of 0.5 wt% went into effect.

Renewable diesel: The latest buzzword in the downstream sector
KP Engineering: Preston, W. E.  |  McColl, Y.  |  Schnittker, D.

Renewable diesel: this greener, cleaner fuel has taken our industry by storm.

Engineering and Construction

Modular construction: Always considered, now COVID-necessary
Koch Modular Process Systems: Villegas, M.

The COVID-19 pandemic created a sequence of changes across all industries, and the chemical sector has not been immune to the impact of this global health crisis.

Challenges and pitfalls in brownfield EPC projects
Boroda India: Dixit, P.

Job requirements and scope are well defined in engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contracts because they are designed and engineered from scratch.

Retrofit: A viable alternative to greenfield construction
Fluor Daniel India Pvt. Ltd.: Das, S. C. D.

Retrofitting/revamping—also referred to as modernization, derating or rerating—is an update of a plant or an existing piece of equipment to improve efficiency and/or capacity, and to make it adequate for a new design or operating condition through the modification or replacement of some of its parts.

Process Engineering

Design considerations when flaring ethylene oxide
Gas Processing Consultant: Suares, D. A. G.

The flaring of gases released from normal process vents and safety valve discharges following an overpressure scenario is widely practiced in refineries, petrochemical and chemical plants.

Process Optimization

Determining the indeterminate
Fluor Daniel India Pvt. Ltd.: Chaudhuri, D.

Standards such as API, ASME and NFPA are applied widely in the refining industry.

Process Control, Instrumentation and Automation

Take control of tank pressure
Emerson: Macedonia, D.

Maintaining pressure control in bulk storage tanks is a vital challenge faced by operators of both process plants and storage terminals.

Water Management

TOTAL refineries improve overhead systems corrosion and salting with amine-neutralizing technology
SUEZ Water Technologies & Solutions: Pothuaud, A.  |  Cross, C.

Weak organic amines are commonly used in crude unit overhead systems to prevent acidic corrosion from chlorides and other acidic contaminants via a neutralization reaction.

Maintenance and Reliability

Improve the reliability of a CO2 compressor in a urea synthesis/granulation plant
CNRL-Canada: Zardynezhad, S.

The carbon dioxide compressor is one of the key major equipment in a urea production plant that produces fertilizers.

Environment and Safety

Alarm management: A pillar of process safety management
QHSE Institute: Moreno, C. G.

The following describes how an adequate implementation of alarm management is a fundamental part in process safety management (PSM).


Editorial Comment
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Nichols, Lee

Over the past several decades, the hydrocarbon processing industry has invested heavily in new processing units to produce low-sulfur and ultra-low-sulfur (ULS) transportation fuels.

Reliability: Taking ownership of problems
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Bloch, Heinz P.

Taking ownership of issues during a critical or troubling time is just as important as assuming responsibility during times of opportunity and benefit.

Executive Viewpoint: Technology to drive decarbonization of the oil and gas industry
Siemens Energy: Fors, T.

<i>Hydrocarbon Processing</i> (HP) was pleased to speak with Thorbjoern Fors (TF), EVP of Industrial Applications, Siemens Energy, to discuss the decarbonization of the oil and gas industry and the technologies that are helping companies meet their sustainability goals.

Executive Viewpoint: Leading in times of uncertainty
Seeq Corporation: Graham, L. J.

I recently gave a presentation at the American Fuel and Petrochemical Manufacturers (AFPM) Women in Industry event, where I spoke to more than 100 attendees on leading during uncertain times.

Industry Perspectives
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Nichols, Lee

In the second half of 2021, Hydrocarbon Processing is hosting two events to showcase the leading technologies and people in the refining, petrochemicals and gas processing/LNG industries: The International Refining and Petrochemical Conference (IRPC) and the HP Awards. A “call for abstracts” has opened for both events.

Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Nichols, Lee

Sprea Misr has awarded Nuberg EPC an engineering, procurement and construction (EPC) contract for a 500-tpd sulfuric acid plant in Ramadan City, Egypt.

Industry Metrics
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Rhodes, Mike

U.S. refinery margins extended their upward trend and showed the largest gains relative to the other regions due to a rise in refinery outages as extreme cold temperatures caused partial and complete refinery shutdowns.

Global Project Data
Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Nichols, Lee

According to Gulf Energy Information’s Global Energy Infrastructure database, new capital project investments have increased each month since November 2020.

Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Rhodes, Mike

DeZURIK, a leading valve manufacturer in the industrial and municipal markets, offers a wide variety of valve solutions for environmental wastewater systems, including grey water intake, pump isolation, pump surge control and membrane bioreactor isolation.

Hydrocarbon Processing Staff: Rhodes, Mike

Mitsubishi Heavy Industries America appoints Michael Sicker as President of Oil & Gas Division